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tanning

[tan-ing] /ˈtæn ɪŋ/
noun
1.
the process or art of converting hides or skins into leather.
2.
a browning or darkening of the skin, as by exposure to the sun.
3.
Informal. a thrashing; whipping.
Origin
1475-1485
1475-85; tan1, + -ing1
Related forms
nontanning, adjective

tan1

[tan] /tæn/
verb (used with object), tanned, tanning.
1.
to convert (a hide) into leather, especially by soaking or steeping in a bath prepared from tanbark or synthetically.
2.
to make brown by exposure to ultraviolet rays, as of the sun.
3.
Informal. to thrash; spank.
verb (used without object), tanned, tanning.
4.
to become tanned.
noun
5.
the brown color imparted to the skin by exposure to the sun or open air.
6.
yellowish brown; light brown.
7.
adjective, tanner, tannest.
8.
of the color of tan; yellowish-brown.
9.
used in or relating to tanning processes, materials, etc.
Idioms
10.
tan someone's hide, Informal. to beat someone soundly:
She threatened to tan our hides if she found us on her property again.
Origin
before 1000; 1920-25 for def 2; Middle English tannen to make hide into leather, late Old English *tannian (in past participle getanned; cf. tanner1) < Medieval Latin tannāre, derivative of tannum oak bark, tanbark < Germanic; compare Old High German tanna oak, fir, akin to Dutch den fir
Related forms
tannable, adjective
untanned, adjective
well-tanned, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for tanning
  • The elusive goal of gaining a natural tan without braving the sun or the tanning booth may be within reach.
  • Multi-million-dollar health clubs with tanning facilities, espresso bars, and lit palm trees.
  • His preparations for these photos included visits to tanning salons and beauty parlours.
  • Nowadays, donors and recipients are matched with remarkable precision, right down to tanning ability and hair texture.
  • It was chemical serendipity of billion-dollar proportions: a tanning drug with all the right side effects.
  • It has been proposed that getting a tan at a tanning salon should be taxed, similar to the taxes on cigarettes and alcohol.
  • He grew a beard and spent two months in a tanning salon, so that he would look the part.
  • The carroty hue of his skin suggests that either he is wearing makeup or he spends a little time at the tanning salon.
  • Traditional tanning processes produce considerable pollutants.
  • She began going to tanning salons before her freshman prom.
British Dictionary definitions for tanning

tan1

/tæn/
noun
1.
the brown colour produced by the skin after intensive exposure to ultraviolet rays, esp those of the sun
2.
a light or moderate yellowish-brown colour
3.
short for tanbark
verb tans, tanning, tanned
4.
to go brown or cause to go brown after exposure to ultraviolet rays: she tans easily
5.
to convert (a skin or hide) into leather by treating it with a tanning agent, such as vegetable tannins, chromium salts, fish oils, or formaldehyde
6.
(transitive) (slang) to beat or flog
adjective tanner, tannest
7.
of the colour tan: tan gloves
8.
used in or relating to tanning
Derived Forms
tannable, adjective
tannish, adjective
Word Origin
Old English tannian (unattested as infinitive, attested as getanned, past participle), from Medieval Latin tannāre, from tannum tanbark, perhaps of Celtic origin; compare Irish tana thin

tan2

/tæn/
abbreviation
1.
tangent (sense 2)
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for tanning

tan

v.

late Old English tannian "to convert hide into leather" (by steeping it in tannin), from Medieval Latin tannare "tan, dye, a tawny color" (c.900), from tannum "crushed oak bark," used in tanning leather, probably from a Celtic source (e.g. Breton tann "oak tree"). The meaning "make brown by exposure to the sun" first recorded 1520s. To tan (someone's) hide in the figurative sense is from 1660s. Related: Tanned; tanning.

n.

"bronze color imparted to skin by exposure to sun," 1749, see tan (v.). As a simple name for a brownish color, in any context, it is recorded from 1888. The adjective tan "of the color of tanned leather" is recorded from 1660s.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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tanning in Science
tan  
Abbreviation of tangent
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Related Abbreviations for tanning

tan

tangent

TAN

teeny area network
The American Heritage® Abbreviations Dictionary, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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