[tem-per-it, tem-prit]
moderate or self-restrained; not extreme in opinion, statement, etc.: a temperate response to an insulting challenge.
moderate as regards indulgence of appetite or passion, especially in the use of alcoholic liquors.
not excessive in degree, as things, qualities, etc.
moderate in respect to temperature; not subject to prolonged extremes of hot or cold weather.
Microbiology. (of a virus) existing in infected host cells but rarely causing lysis.

1350–1400; Middle English temperat < Latin temperātus, past participle of temperāre to exercise restraint, control. See temper, -ate1

temperately, adverb
temperateness, noun
nontemperate, adjective
nontemperately, adverb
nontemperateness, noun
pretemperate, adjective
pretemperately, adverb
untemperate, adjective
untemperately, adverb
untemperateness, noun

1. sober, dispassionate. See moderate.
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World English Dictionary
temperate (ˈtɛmpərɪt, ˈtɛmprɪt)
1.  having a climate intermediate between tropical and polar; moderate or mild in temperature
2.  mild in quality or character; exhibiting temperance
[C14: from Latin temperātus]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

late 14c., of persons, "modest, forbearing, self-restrained," from L. temperatus "restrained, regulated," from pp. of temperare "to moderate, regulate" (see temper). Applied to climates mid-15c.; temperate zone is attested from 1550s.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

temperate tem·per·ate (těm'pər-ĭt, těm'prĭt)
Exercising moderation and self-restraint.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
temperate   (těm'pər-ĭt)  Pronunciation Key 
Marked by moderate temperatures, weather, or climate.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
Therefore, everything has to be planned and carried out far more methodically
  than in temperate climates.
Moths are to be found in temperate climates all over the world.
The average home in any temperate region is likely to host several dozen
  species of spiders.
The direct cooling has happened in temperate and polar regions, where ozone
  depletion has been concentrated.
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