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till1

[til] /tɪl/
preposition
1.
up to the time of; until:
to fight till death.
2.
before (used in negative constructions):
He did not come till today.
3.
near or at a specified time:
till evening.
4.
Chiefly Midland, Southern, and Western U.S. before; to:
It's ten till four on my watch.
5.
Scot. and North England.
  1. to.
  2. unto.
conjunction
6.
to the time that or when; until.
7.
before (used in negative constructions).
Origin
900
before 900; Middle English; Old English (north) til < Old Norse til to, akin to Old English till station, German Ziel goal. See till2
Usage note
Till1 and until are both old in the language and are interchangeable as both prepositions and conjunctions: It rained till (or until) nearly midnight. The savannah remained brown and lifeless until (or till) the rains began. Till is not a shortened form of until and is not spelled 'till. 'Til is usually considered a spelling error, though widely used in advertising: Open 'til ten.

till2

[til] /tɪl/
verb (used with object)
1.
to labor, as by plowing or harrowing, upon (land) for the raising of crops; cultivate.
2.
to plow.
verb (used without object)
3.
to cultivate the soil.
Origin
before 900; Middle English tilen, Old English tilian to strive after, get, till; cognate with Dutch telen to breed, cultivate, German zielen to aim at
Related forms
mistilled, adjective
untilled, adjective
untilling, adjective
well-tilled, adjective

till3

[til] /tɪl/
noun
1.
a drawer, box, or the like, as in a shop or bank, in which money is kept.
2.
a drawer, tray, or the like, as in a cabinet or chest, for keeping valuables.
3.
an arrangement of drawers or pigeonholes, as on a desk top.
Origin
1425-75; late Middle English tylle, noun use of tylle to draw, Old English -tyllan (in fortyllan to seduce); akin to Latin dolus trick, Greek dólos bait (for fish), any cunning contrivance, treachery

till4

[til] /tɪl/
noun
1.
Geology. glacial drift consisting of an unassorted mixture of clay, sand, gravel, and boulders.
2.
a stiff clay.
Origin
1665-75; origin uncertain
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for till
  • On the other sit the farmers who used to till the land until they were evicted.
  • Unfortunately, a recipe that is bringing fame-and cash in the till-can't be patented.
  • Of course land and natural resource economists recognize that there is only so much land to till, or ore in the mine.
  • Review of applications will begin immediately and will continue till successful candidates are selected.
  • But you walk on, till you see a group of friendly faces.
  • His only consolation was that he had helped postpone it till now.
  • Design a lampshade with a secret bloom that stays hidden till you switch on the light.
  • If it takes you a little longer learning how to beat eggs in your mom's kitchen, mom works with you till you get it.
  • till a civic campaign last year changed driving habits, its fine roads gave it an appalling safety record.
  • And finding the money has till now been a key impediment.
British Dictionary definitions for till

till1

/tɪl/
conjunction, preposition
1.
Also (not standard) 'til short for until
2.
(Scot) to; towards
3.
(dialect) in order that: come here till I tell you
Usage note
Till is a variant of until that is acceptable at all levels of language. Until is, however, often preferred at the beginning of a sentence in formal writing: until his behaviour improves, he cannot become a member
Word Origin
Old English til; related to Old Norse til to, Old High German zil goal, aim

till2

/tɪl/
verb (transitive)
1.
to cultivate and work (land) for the raising of crops
2.
another word for plough
Derived Forms
tillable, adjective
tiller, noun
Word Origin
Old English tilian to try, obtain; related to Old Frisian tilia to obtain, Old Saxon tilōn to obtain, Old High German zilōn to hasten towards

till3

/tɪl/
noun
1.
a box, case, or drawer into which the money taken from customers is put, now usually part of a cash register
Word Origin
C15 tylle, of obscure origin

till4

/tɪl/
noun
1.
an unstratified glacial deposit consisting of rock fragments of various sizes. The most common is boulder clay
Word Origin
C17: of unknown origin
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for till
prep.

"until," Old English til (Northumbrian), from Old Norse til "to, until," from Proto-Germanic *tilan (cf. Danish til, Old Frisian til "to, till," Gothic tils "convenient," German Ziel "limit, end, goal"). A common preposition in Scandinavian, probably originally the accusative case of a noun now lost except for Icelandic tili "scope," the noun used to express aim, direction, purpose (e.g. aldrtili "death," literally "end of life"). Also cf. German Ziel "end, limit, point aimed at, goal," and compare till (v.).

v.

"cultivate (land)" (early 13c.), "plow" (late 14c.), from Old English tilian "tend, work at, get by labor," originally "strive after," related to till "fixed point, goal," and til "good, suitable," from Proto-Germanic *tilojanan (cf. Old Frisian tilia "to get, cultivate," Old Saxon tilian "to obtain," Middle Dutch, Dutch telen "to breed, raise, cultivate, cause," Old High German zilon "to strive," German zielen "to aim, strive"), from source of till (prep.). Related: Tilled; tilling.

n.

"cashbox," mid-15c., from Anglo-French tylle "compartment," Old French tille "compartment, shelter on a ship," probably from Old Norse þilja "plank, floorboard," from Proto-Germanic *theljon. The other theory is that the word is from Middle English tillen "to draw," from Old English -tyllan (see toll (v.)), with a sense evolution as in drawer (see draw).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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till in Science
till
  (tĭl)   
An unstratified, unconsolidated mass of boulders, pebbles, sand, and mud deposited by the movement or melting of a glacier. The size and shape of the sediments that constitute till vary widely.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Slang definitions & phrases for till

Tijuana Bible

noun phrase

A pornographic book of the most revolting sort (1950s+)


The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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Idioms and Phrases with till

till

In addition to the subsequent idioms beginning with
till
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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6
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