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transcribe

[tran-skrahyb] /trænˈskraɪb/
verb (used with object), transcribed, transcribing.
1.
to make a written copy, especially a typewritten copy, of (dictated material, notes taken during a lecture, or other spoken material).
2.
to make an exact copy of (a document, text, etc.).
3.
to write out in another language or alphabet; translate or transliterate:
to transcribe Chinese into English characters.
4.
Phonetics. to represent (speech sounds) in written phonetic or phonemic symbols.
5.
Radio. to make a recording of (a program, announcement, etc.) for broadcasting.
6.
Music. to arrange (a composition) for a medium other than that for which it was originally written.
7.
Genetics. to effect genetic transcription of (a DNA molecule template).
Origin
1545-1555
1545-55; < Latin trānscrībere to copy off, equivalent to trāns- trans- + scrībere to write. See scribe
Related forms
transcriber, noun
mistranscribe, verb (used with object), mistranscribed, mistranscribing.
nontranscribing, adjective
pretranscribe, verb (used with object), pretranscribed, pretranscribing.
retranscribe, verb (used with object), retranscribed, retranscribing.
untranscribed, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for transcriber

transcribe

/trænˈskraɪb/
verb (transitive)
1.
to write, type, or print out fully from speech, notes, etc
2.
to make a phonetic transcription of
3.
to transliterate or translate
4.
to make an electrical recording of (a programme or speech) for a later broadcast
5.
(music) to rewrite (a piece of music) for an instrument or medium other than that originally intended; arrange
6.
(computing)
  1. to transfer (information) from one storage device, such as punched cards, to another, such as magnetic tape
  2. to transfer (information) from a computer to an external storage device
7.
(usually passive) (biochem) to convert the genetic information in (a strand of DNA) into a strand of RNA, esp messenger RNA See also genetic code, translate (sense 6)
Derived Forms
transcribable, adjective
transcriber, noun
Word Origin
C16: from Latin transcrībere, from trans- + scrībere to write
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for transcriber

transcribe

v.

1550s, from Latin transcribere "to copy, write again in another place, write over, transfer," from trans- "over" (see trans-) + scribere "write" (see script (n.)). To do it poorly is to transcribble (1746). Related: Transcribed; transcribing.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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