vermilion

vermilion

[ver-mil-yuhn]
noun
1.
a brilliant scarlet red.
2.
a bright-red, water-insoluble pigment consisting of mercuric sulfide, once obtained from cinnabar, now usually produced by the reaction of mercury and sulfur.
adjective
3.
of the color vermilion.
verb (used with object)
4.
to color with or as if with vermilion.
Also, vermillion.


Origin:
1250–1300; Middle English vermilioun, vermillon < Anglo-French, Old French verm(e)illon, equivalent to vermeil vermeil + -on noun suffix

Dictionary.com Unabridged

Vermilion

[ver-mil-yuhn]
noun
a town in N Ohio.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
vermilion or vermillion (vəˈmɪljən)
 
n
1.  a.  a bright red to reddish-orange colour
 b.  (as adjective): a vermilion car
2.  mercuric sulphide, esp when used as a bright red pigment; cinnabar
 
[C13: from Old French vermeillon, from vermeil]
 
vermillion or vermillion
 
n
 
[C13: from Old French vermeillon, from vermeil]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

vermilion
1296, "cinnabar, red dye," from O.Fr. vermeillon, from vermeil "bright-red," from L.L. vermiculus "a little worm," specifically, the cochineal insect from which crimson dyes were obtained (see cochineal), in classical L., "larva of an insect, grub, maggot," dim. of vermis "worm" (see worm).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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