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vertical

[vur-ti-kuh l] /ˈvɜr tɪ kəl/
adjective
1.
being in a position or direction perpendicular to the plane of the horizon; upright; plumb.
2.
of, pertaining to, or situated at the vertex.
3.
of or pertaining to the cranial vertex.
4.
Botany.
  1. (of a leaf) having the blade in a perpendicular plane, so that neither of the surfaces can be called upper or lower.
  2. being in the same direction as the axis; lengthwise.
5.
of, constituting, or resulting in vertical combination.
6.
of or pertaining to a product or service from initial planning to sale.
7.
of, pertaining to, or noting a stratified society, nation, etc.
noun
8.
something vertical, as a line or plane.
9.
a vertical or upright position.
10.
a vertical structural member in a truss.
Origin
1550-1560
1550-60; < Latin verticālis, equivalent to vertic- (stem of vertex) vertex + -ālis -al1
Related forms
verticality, verticalness, verticalism, noun
vertically, adverb
nonvertical, adjective
nonvertically, adverb
nonverticalness, noun
nonverticality, noun
subvertical, adjective
subvertically, adverb
subverticalness, noun
unvertical, adjective
unvertically, adverb
Synonyms
1. See upright.
Antonyms
1. horizontal.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for vertical
  • Simultaneously, our upright posture put the trachea and esophagus in a near-vertical orientation.
  • In spatial terms, it stood at the apex of a vertical axis.
  • The debate on vertical versus horizontal integration is somewhat ideological.
  • Tornadoes are vertical funnels of rapidly spinning air.
  • The spacing of the vertical posts also decreases from the center outward.
  • vertical grooves indicate where a platform once rose.
  • The wiggle trace measures the vertical movement the seismometer experiences from the seismic waves.
  • These diffuse the light over vertical sheets of polyester that form the platform on which the algae grow.
  • Another consideration is creating a vertical farm design that would be economically viable.
  • The vehicle was then erected into the vertical position and suspended over the pad with the use of four support arms.
British Dictionary definitions for vertical

vertical

/ˈvɜːtɪkəl/
adjective
1.
at right angles to the horizon; perpendicular; upright: a vertical wall Compare horizontal (sense 1)
2.
extending in a perpendicular direction
3.
at or in the vertex or zenith; directly overhead
4.
(economics) of or relating to associated or consecutive, though not identical, stages of industrial activity: vertical integration, vertical amalgamation
5.
of or relating to the vertex
6.
(anatomy) of, relating to, or situated at the top of the head (vertex)
noun
7.
a vertical plane, position, or line
8.
a vertical post, pillar, or other structural member
Derived Forms
verticality (ˌvɜːtɪˈkælɪtɪ) noun
vertically, adverb
Word Origin
C16: from Late Latin verticālis, from Latin vertex
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for vertical
adj.

1550s, "of or at the vertex, directly overhead," from Middle French vertical (1540s), from Late Latin verticalis "overhead," from Latin vertex (genitive verticis) "highest point" (see vertex). Meaning "straight up and down" is first recorded 1704.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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vertical in Medicine

vertical ver·ti·cal (vûr'tĭ-kəl)
adj.

  1. Of or relating to the vertex of the head.

  2. Being or situated at right angles to the horizon; upright.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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