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weather

[weth -er] /ˈwɛð ər/
noun
1.
the state of the atmosphere with respect to wind, temperature, cloudiness, moisture, pressure, etc.
2.
a strong wind or storm or strong winds and storms collectively:
We've had some real weather this spring.
3.
a weathercast:
The radio announcer will read the weather right after the commercial.
4.
Usually, weathers. changes or vicissitudes in one's lot or fortunes:
She remained a good friend in all weathers.
verb (used with object)
5.
to expose to the weather; dry, season, or otherwise affect by exposure to the air or atmosphere:
to weather lumber before marketing it.
6.
to discolor, disintegrate, or affect injuriously, as by the effects of weather:
These crumbling stones have been weathered by the centuries.
7.
to bear up against and come safely through (a storm, danger, trouble, etc.):
to weather a severe illness.
8.
Nautical. (of a ship, mariner, etc.) to pass or sail to the windward of:
to weather a cape.
9.
Architecture. to cause to slope, so as to shed water.
verb (used without object)
10.
to undergo change, especially discoloration or disintegration, as the result of exposure to atmospheric conditions.
11.
to endure or resist exposure to the weather:
a coat that weathers well.
12.
to go or come safely through a storm, danger, trouble, etc. (usually followed by through):
It was a difficult time for her, but she weathered through beautifully.
Idioms
13.
under the weather, Informal.
  1. somewhat indisposed; ailing; ill.
  2. suffering from a hangover.
  3. more or less drunk:
    Many fatal accidents are caused by drivers who are under the weather.
Origin
900
before 900; Middle English (noun), Old English weder; cognate with Dutch weder, German Wetter, Old Norse vethr
Related forms
weatherer, noun
Can be confused
weather, whether, whither, wither (see synonym study at wither)
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for weather
  • Climate change is often blamed for unseasonal or extreme weather conditions.
  • Orientation could be difficult, owing to the volatile weather conditions.
  • weather can't be forecast more than a week or so in advance, but weather averages are good indicators of what to expect any month.
  • Phytoplankton may be small, but that doesn't mean they can't do big things -- like change the weather to suit their needs.
  • Both food crises have complex causes, among them bad weather.
  • As hurricanes approach the shore, satellites and weather radar can help project when and where a storm will hit.
  • In autumn the weather is generally sunny, with less frequent rainfall.
  • We aren't even sure about the weather next week and now we're smart enough alter natural processes on a planetary scale.
  • Apparently humans aren't the only primates that plan outdoor events based on weather.
  • Threatening green skies during a thunderstorm also proved entirely independent of the type of severe weather that came with it.
British Dictionary definitions for weather

weather

/ˈwɛðə/
noun
1.
  1. the day-to-day meteorological conditions, esp temperature, cloudiness, and rainfall, affecting a specific place Compare climate (sense 1)
  2. (modifier) relating to the forecasting of weather a weather ship
2.
a prevailing state or condition
3.
make heavy weather
  1. (of a vessel) to roll and pitch in heavy seas
  2. (foll by of) to carry out with great difficulty or unnecessarily great effort
4.
(informal) under the weather
  1. not in good health
  2. intoxicated
adjective
5.
(prenominal) on or at the side or part towards the wind; windward the weather anchor Compare lee (sense 4)
verb
6.
to expose or be exposed to the action of the weather
7.
to undergo or cause to undergo changes, such as discoloration, due to the action of the weather
8.
(intransitive) to withstand the action of the weather
9.
when intr, foll by through. to endure (a crisis, danger, etc)
10.
(transitive) to slope (a surface, such as a roof, sill, etc) so as to throw rainwater clear
11.
(transitive) to sail to the windward of to weather a point
Derived Forms
weatherability, noun
weatherer, noun
Word Origin
Old English weder; related to Old Saxon wedar, Old High German wetar, Old Norse vethr
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for weather
n.

Old English weder, from Proto-Germanic *wedran (cf. Old Saxon wedar, Old Norse veðr, Old Frisian, Middle Dutch, Dutch weder, Old High German wetar, German Wetter "storm, wind, weather"), from PIE *we-dhro-, "weather," from root *we- "to blow" (see wind (n.)). Spelling with -th- first appeared 15c., though pronunciation may be much older.

Weather-beaten is from 1520s. Under the weather "indisposed" is from 1827. Greek had words for "good weather" (aithria, eudia) and words for "storm" and "winter," but no generic word for "weather" until kairos (literally "time") began to be used as such in Byzantine times. Latin tempestas "weather" (see tempest) also originally meant "time;" and words for "time" also came to mean weather in Irish (aimsir), Serbo-Croatian (vrijeme), Polish (czas), etc.

v.

"come through safely," 1650s, from weather (n.). Sense of "wear away by exposure" is from 1757. Related: Weathered; weathering.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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weather in Science
weather
  (wě'ər)   
The state of the atmosphere at a particular time and place. Weather is described in terms of variable conditions such as temperature, humidity, wind velocity, precipitation, and barometric pressure. Weather on Earth occurs primarily in the troposphere, or lower atmosphere, and is driven by energy from the Sun and the rotation of the Earth. The average weather conditions of a region over time are used to define a region's climate.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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weather in Culture

weather definition


The daily conditions of the atmosphere in terms of temperature, atmospheric pressure, wind, and moisture.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Idioms and Phrases with weather
In addition to the idiom beginning with
weather
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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