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B.T.U.

Physics.
1.
British thermal unit; British thermal units.
Also, BTU, B.t.u. B.th.u. Btu.

British thermal unit

noun, Physics.
1.
the amount of heat required to raise the temperature of 1 pound (0.4 kg) of water 1°F.
Abbreviation: Btu, BTU, B.t.u., B.T.U., B.th.u.
Origin
1875-1880
1875-80
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for btu

btu

abbreviation
1.
British thermal unit US abbreviation BTU

BTU

abbreviation
1.
Board of Trade Unit

British thermal unit

noun
1.
a unit of heat in the fps system equal to the quantity of heat required to raise the temperature of 1 pound of water by 1°F. 1 British thermal unit is equivalent to 1055.06 joules or 251.997 calories Abbrevs btu, BThU
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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btu in Medicine

British thermal unit n.
Abbr. Btu

  1. The quantity of heat required to raise the temperature of one pound of water from 60° to 61°F at a constant pressure of one atmosphere.

  2. The quantity of heat equal to 1/180 of the heat required to raise the temperature of one pound of water from 32° to 212°F at a constant pressure of one atmosphere.

Btu abbr.
British thermal unit

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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btu in Science
British thermal unit
  (brĭt'ĭsh)   
A unit used mainly to measure heat but also applied to other forms of energy. One British thermal unit is equal to the amount of heat needed to raise the temperature of one pound of water by one degree Fahrenheit, or 251.997 calories.
Btu  
Abbreviation of British thermal unit
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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btu in Culture
British thermal unit (Btu)

A unit for measuring heat. One Btu raises the temperature of one pound of water one degree Fahrenheit.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Related Abbreviations for btu

Btu

British thermal unit
The American Heritage® Abbreviations Dictionary, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Encyclopedia Article for btu

British thermal unit

a measure of the quantity of heat, defined since 1956 as approximately equal to 1,055 joules, or 252 gram calories. It was defined formerly as the amount of heat required to raise the temperature of one pound of water 1 F. The definition was changed because it was dependent on the initial temperature of the water. Gas utilities frequently use a larger unit, the therm, defined as 100,000 BTU, as a measure of gas consumption

Learn more about British thermal unit with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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