|battle in which the ruler of Afghanistan defeated the Mahrattas in 1761|
city, Haryana state, northwestern India. It is connected by road and rail with Delhi (south) and Ambala (north). The plain of Panipat was the site of three decisive battles in Indian history in the 16th and 18th centuries. Wool and cotton milling, saltpetre refining, and the manufacture of glass, electrical appliances, and bricks are the city's chief industries. Constituted a municipality in 1867, Panipat has several colleges affiliated with Kurukshetra University. Pop. (1991 prelim.) 191,010.
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