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Taiwan

[tahy-wahn] /ˈtaɪˈwɑn/
noun, Wade-Giles, Pinyin.
1.
a Chinese island separated from the SE coast of China by Taiwan Strait: a possession of Japan 1895–1945; restored to China 1945; seat of the Republic of China since 1949.
Capital: Taipei.
Also called Formosa.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for Taiwan

Taiwan

/ˈtaɪˈwɑːn/
noun
1.
an island in SE Asia between the East China Sea and the South China Sea, off the SE coast of the People's Republic of China: the principal territory of the Republic of China; claimed by the People's Republic of China since its political separation from mainland China in the late 1940s. Pop: 23 299 716 (2013 est) Former name Formosa
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for Taiwan

literally "terrace bay," from Chinese tai "terrace" + wan "bay."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Taiwan in Culture

Taiwan definition


Island nation in the Pacific Ocean near the mainland of southern China; seat of the Republic of China. Its capital and largest city is Taipei.

Note: When the Chinese communists came to power on the mainland, the Nationalist government of Chiang Kai-shek and some of his army took refuge on Taiwan.
Note: The United States long supported the Nationalists but broke relations in 1979 to establish relations with the People's Republic of China.
Note: With its first free elections in the 1990s, Taiwan has become a democracy. Its economy is among the strongest in the world.
Note: China refuses to accept Taiwan's independence as a nation, viewing it instead as merely a renegade province of China. This issue continues to complicate relations between the United States and China.
The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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