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autarchy

[aw-tahr-kee] /ˈɔ tɑr ki/
noun, plural autarchies.
1.
absolute sovereignty.
2.
an autocratic government.
3.
Origin of autarchy
1655-1665
1655-65; < Greek autarchía self-rule. See aut-, -archy
Related forms
autarchic, autarchical, adjective
autarchically, adverb
autarchist, noun

autarky

[aw-tahr-kee] /ˈɔ tɑr ki/
noun, plural autarkies.
1.
the condition of self-sufficiency, especially economic, as applied to a nation.
2.
a national policy of economic independence.
Origin
1610-20; < Greek autárkeia, equivalent to aut- aut- + arke- suffice + -ia -ia
Related forms
autarkic, autarkical, adjective
autarkically, adverb
autarkist, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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British Dictionary definitions for autarchy

autarchy1

/ˈɔːtɑːkɪ/
noun (pl) -chies
1.
unlimited rule; autocracy
2.
self-government; self-rule
Derived Forms
autarchic, autarchical, adjective
Word Origin
C17: from Greek autarkhia, from autarkhos autocratic; see auto-, -archy

autarchy2

/ˈɔːtɑːkɪ/
noun (pl) -chies
1.
a variant spelling (now rare) of autarky

autarky

/ˈɔːtɑːkɪ/
noun (pl) -kies
1.
(esp of a political unit) a system or policy of economic self-sufficiency aimed at removing the need for imports
2.
an economically self-sufficient country
Derived Forms
autarkic, adjective
autarkist, noun
Word Origin
C17: from Greek autarkeia, from autarkēs self-sufficient, from auto- + arkein to suffice
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for autarchy
n.

1660s, "absolute sovereignty," from Greek autarkhia, from autarkhein "to be an absolute ruler," from autos "self" (see auto-) + arkhein "to rule" (see archon).

autarky

n.

1610s, "self-sufficiency," from Greek autarkeia "sufficiency in oneself, independence," from autarkes "self-sufficient, having enough, independent of others" (also used of countries), from autos "self" (see auto-) + arkein "to ward off, keep off," also "to be strong enough, sufficient," from PIE root *ark- "to hold, contain, guard" (see arcane). From a different Greek source than autarchy, and thus the spelling. As a term in international economics, prominent late 1930s. Related: Autarkic.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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