Alexis (əˈlɛksɪs; French alɛksi). 1873--1944, French surgeon and biologist, active in the US (1905--39): developed a method of suturing blood vessels, making the transplantation of arteries and organs possible: Nobel prize for physiology or medicine 1912
1590s, from M.L. carula "small study in a cloister," perhaps from L. corolla "little crown, garland," used in various senses of "ring" (e.g. of Stonehenge: "þis Bretons renged about þe feld, þe karole of þe stones beheld," 1330); extended to precincts and spaces enclosed by rails,
etc. Specific sense of "private cubicle in a library" is from 1919.