irascibility; anger; wrath; irritability.
Old Physiology, yellow bile.
Obsolete, biliousness.

1350–1400; Middle English colera < Medieval Latin, Latin cholera < Greek choléra cholera Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
choler (ˈkɒlə)
1.  anger or ill humour
2.  archaic See humour one of the four bodily humours; yellow bile
3.  obsolete biliousness
[C14: from Old French colère, from Medieval Latin cholera, from Latin: jaundice, cholera]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Main Entry:  choler1
Part of Speech:  n
Definition:  bile
Etymology:  Greek name of a disease
Main Entry:  choler2
Part of Speech:  n
Definition:  constant irritation or anger; wrath
Etymology:  Greek name of a disease's 21st Century Lexicon
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Word Origin & History

late 14c., "bile," as one of the humors, supposed to cause irascibility or temper, from O.Fr. colre "bile, anger," from L.L. cholera "bile" (see cholera).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

choler n.

  1. Anger; irritability.

  2. One of the four humors of ancient and medieval physiology, thought to cause anger and bad temper when present in excess. Also called yellow bile.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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