counter

1 [koun-ter]
noun
1.
a table or display case on which goods can be shown, business transacted, etc.
2.
(in restaurants, luncheonettes, etc.) a long, narrow table with stools or chairs along one side for the patrons, behind which refreshments or meals are prepared and served.
3.
a surface for the preparation of food in a kitchen, especially on a low cabinet.
4.
anything used in keeping account, as a disk of metal or wood, used in some games, as checkers, for marking a player's position or for keeping score.
5.
an imitation coin or token.
6.
a coin; money.
Idioms
7.
over the counter,
a.
(of the sale of stock) through a broker's office rather than through the stock exchange.
b.
(of the sale of merchandise) through a retail store rather than through a wholesaler.
8.
under the counter, in a clandestine manner, especially illegally: books sold under the counter.

Origin:
1300–50; Middle English countour < Anglo-French (Old French comptoir) < Medieval Latin computātorium place for computing, equivalent to Latin computā(re) to compute + -tōrium -tory2; cf. count1

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counter

2 [koun-ter]
noun
1.
a person who counts.
2.
a device for counting revolutions of a wheel, items produced, etc.
3.
Cards. card counter.
4.
Computers. a storage register or program variable used to tally how often something of interest occurs.
5.
Electronics. scaler ( def 2 ).
6.
Physics. any of various instruments for detecting ionizing radiation and for registering counts.
Compare Geiger counter.


Origin:
1325–75; Middle English countour < Anglo-French (Old French conteor) ≪ Latin computātor, equivalent to computā(re) to compute + -tor -tor

counter

3 [koun-ter]
adverb
1.
in the wrong way; contrary to the right course; in the reverse or opposite direction.
2.
contrary; in opposition (usually preceded by run or go ): to run counter to the rules.
adjective
3.
opposite; opposed; contrary.
noun
4.
something that is opposite or contrary to something else.
5.
a blow delivered in receiving or parrying another blow, as in boxing.
6.
a statement or action made to refute, oppose, or nullify another statement or action.
7.
Fencing. a circular parry.
8.
a piece of leather or other material inserted between the lining and outside leather of a shoe or boot quarter to keep it stiff.
9.
Nautical. the part of a stern that overhangs and projects aft of the sternpost of a vessel.
10.
Also called void. Typesetting. any part of the face of a type that is less than type-high and is therefore not inked.
11.
Engineering, Building Trades. a truss member subject to stress only under certain partial loadings of the truss.
12.
the part of a horse's breast that lies between the shoulders and under the neck.
verb (used with object)
13.
to go counter to; oppose; controvert.
14.
to meet or answer (a move, blow, etc.) by another in return.
verb (used without object)
15.
to make a counter or opposing move.
16.
to give a blow while receiving or parrying one, as in boxing.

Origin:
1400–50; late Middle English countre < Anglo-French co(u)ntre, cuntre, Old French contre < Latin contrā against. See counter-

counter

4 [koun-ter]
verb (used with object)
to encounter in opposition or combat.

Origin:
1250–1300; Middle English countren, aphetic variant of acountren < Middle French acontrer. See a-5, encounter

counter-

a combining form of counter3, used with the meanings “against,” “contrary,” “opposite,” “in opposition or response to” (countermand ); “complementary,” “in reciprocation,” “corresponding,” “parallel” (counterfoil; counterbalance ); “substitute,” “duplicate” (counterfeit ).

Origin:
Middle English countre-; see counter3

count

1 [kount]
verb (used with object)
1.
to check over (the separate units or groups of a collection) one by one to determine the total number; add up; enumerate: He counted his tickets and found he had ten.
2.
to reckon up; calculate; compute.
3.
to list or name the numerals up to: Close your eyes and count ten.
4.
to include in a reckoning; take into account: There are five of us here, counting me.
5.
to reckon to the credit of another; ascribe; impute.
6.
to consider or regard: He counted himself lucky to have survived the crash.
verb (used without object)
7.
to count the items of a collection one by one in order to determine the total: She counted three times before she was satisfied that none was missing.
8.
to list or name numerals in order: to count to 100 by fives.
9.
to reckon numerically.
10.
to have a specified numerical value.
11.
to be accounted or worth something: That first try didn't count—I was just practicing.
12.
to have merit, importance, value, etc.; deserve consideration: Every bit of help counts.
13.
to have worth; amount (usually followed by for ): Intelligence counts for something.
noun
14.
the act of counting; enumeration; reckoning; calculation: A count of hands showed 23 in favor and 16 opposed.
15.
the number representing the result of a process of counting; the total number.
16.
an accounting.
17.
Baseball. the number of balls and strikes, usually designated in that order, that have been called on a batter during a turn at bat: a count of two balls and one strike.
18.
Law. a distinct charge or theory of action in a declaration or indictment: He was found guilty on two counts of theft.
19.
Textiles.
a.
a number representing the size or quality of yarn, especially the number based on the relation of weight to length of the yarn and indicating its degree of coarseness.
b.
the number of warp and filling threads per square inch in woven material, representing the texture of the fabric.
20.
Bowling. the number of pins struck down by the first ball rolled by a bowler in the frame following a spare and included in the score for the frame in which the spare was made.
21.
Physics.
a.
a single ionizing reaction registered by an ionization chamber, as in a Geiger counter.
b.
the indication of the total number of ionizing reactions registered by an ionization chamber in a given period of time.
22.
Archaic. regard; notice.
23.
the count, Boxing. the calling aloud by the referee of the seconds from 1 to 10 while a downed boxer remains off his feet. Completion of the count signifies a knockout, which the referee then declares: A hard right sent the challenger down for the count. Also called the full count.
adjective
24.
noting a number of items determined by an actual count: The box is labeled 50 count.
Verb phrases
25.
count down, to count backward, usually by ones, from a given integer to zero.
26.
count in, to include: If you're going to the beach, count me in.
27.
count off, (often used imperatively, as in the army) to count aloud by turns, as to arrange positions within a group of persons; divide or become divided into groups: Close up ranks and count off from the left by threes.
28.
count on/upon, to depend or rely on: You can always count on him to lend you money.
29.
count out,
a.
Boxing. to declare (a boxer) a loser because of inability to stand up before the referee has counted 10 seconds.
b.
to exclude: When it comes to mountain climbing, count me out.
c.
to count and apportion or give out: She counted out four cookies to each child.
d.
to disqualify (ballots) illegally in counting, in order to control the election.
Idioms
30.
count coup. coup1 ( def 4 ).

Origin:
1275–1325; (v.) Middle English counten < Anglo-French c(o)unter, Old French conter < Latin computāre to compute; (noun) Middle English counte < Anglo-French c(o)unte, Old French conte < Late Latin computus calculation, reckoning, noun derivative of computāre

half-counted, adjective
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
count1 (kaʊnt)
 
vb (often foll by in) (often foll by for)
1.  to add up or check (each unit in a collection) in order to ascertain the sum; enumerate: count your change
2.  (tr) to recite numbers in ascending order up to and including
3.  to take into account or include: we must count him in
4.  not counting excluding
5.  (tr) to believe to be; consider; think; deem: count yourself lucky
6.  (intr) to recite or list numbers in ascending order either in units or groups: to count in tens
7.  (intr) to have value, importance, or influence: this picture counts as a rarity
8.  to have a certain specified value or importance: the job counts for a lot
9.  (intr) music to keep time by counting beats
 
n
10.  the act of counting or reckoning
11.  the number reached by counting; sum
12.  law a paragraph in an indictment containing a distinct and separate charge
13.  physics the total number of photons or ionized particles detected by a counter
14.  keep count to keep a record of items, events, etc
15.  lose count to fail to keep an accurate record of items, events, etc
16.  boxing, wrestling the act of telling off a number of seconds by the referee, as when a boxer has been knocked down or a wrestler pinned by his opponent
17.  boxing out for the count knocked out and unable to continue after a count of ten by the referee
18.  boxing take the count to be unable to continue after a count of ten
19.  archaic notice; regard; account
 
[C14: from Anglo-French counter, from Old French conter, from Latin computāre to calculate, compute]

count2 (kaʊnt)
 
n
1.  a nobleman in any of various European countries having a rank corresponding to that of a British earl
2.  any of various officials in the late Roman Empire and under various Germanic kings in the early Middle Ages
3.  a man who has received an honour (papal knighthood) from the Pope in recognition of good deeds, achievements, etc
 
[C16: from Old French conte, from Late Latin comes occupant of a state office, from Latin: overseer, associate, literally: one who goes with, from com- with + īre to go]
 
'countship2
 
n

counter1 (ˈkaʊntə)
 
n
1.  a horizontal surface, as in a shop or bank, over which business is transacted
2.  (in some cafeterias) a long table on which food is served to customers
3.  a.  a small flat disc of wood, metal, or plastic, used in various board games
 b.  a similar disc or token used as an imitation coin
4.  a person or thing that may be used or manipulated
5.  a skating figure consisting of three circles
6.  (under-the-counter when prenominal) under the counter (of the sale of goods, esp goods in short supply) clandestine, surreptitious, or illegal; not in an open manner
7.  (over-the-counter when prenominal) over the counter (of security transactions) through a broker rather than on a stock exchange
 
[C14: from Old French comptouer, ultimately from Latin computāre to compute]

counter2 (ˈkaʊntə)
 
n
1.  a person who counts
2.  an apparatus that records the number of occurrences of events
3.  Geiger counter scintillation counter See crystal counter any instrument for detecting or counting ionizing particles or photons
4.  electronics another name for scaler
 
[C14: from Old French conteor, from Latin computātor; see count1]

counter3 (ˈkaʊntə)
 
adv
1.  in a contrary direction or manner
2.  in a wrong or reverse direction
3.  run counter to to have a contrary effect or action to
 
adj
4.  opposing; opposite; contrary
 
n
5.  something that is contrary or opposite to some other thing
6.  an act, effect, or force that opposes another
7.  a return attack, such as a blow in boxing
8.  fencing a parry in which the foils move in a circular fashion
9.  the portion of the stern of a boat or ship that overhangs the water aft of the rudder
10.  printing Also called: void the inside area of a typeface that is not type high, such as the centre of an "o", and therefore does not print
11.  the part of a horse's breast under the neck and between the shoulders
12.  a piece of leather forming the back of a shoe
 
vb
13.  to say or do (something) in retaliation or response
14.  (tr) to move, act, or perform in a manner or direction opposite to (a person or thing)
15.  to return the attack of (an opponent)
 
[C15: from Old French contre, from Latin contrā against]

counter-
 
prefix
1.  against; opposite; contrary: counterattack
2.  complementary; corresponding: counterfoil
3.  duplicate or substitute: counterfeit
 
[via Norman French from Latin contrā against, opposite; see contra-]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

count
mid-14c., from O.Fr. conter "add up," but also "tell a story," from L. computare (see compute).

count
"title of nobility," mid-13c., from O.Fr. conte, from L. comitem (nom. comes) "companion, attendant," the Roman term for a provincial governor, from com- "with" + ire "go." The Anglo-Norm. term was used to render O.E. eorl, but the word was never truly naturalized and was mainly used with reference to
foreign titles.

counter
mid-14c., "table where a money lender does business," from O.Fr. contouer "counting room, table of a bank," from M.L. computatorium "place of accounts," from L. computare (see compute). Generalized 19c. from banks to shops, then extended to display cases for goods. Countertop
is attested from 1878. Phrase under the counter is from 1926.

counter
"go against," early 14c., from O.Fr. countre "facing opposite" (see counter-).

counter-
prefix meaning "against, in return," from Anglo-Fr. countre-, Fr. contre-, from L. contra "opposite, contrary to, against, in return," also used as a prefix (see contra-)
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
Cite This Source
American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

count (kount)
v. count·ed, count·ing, counts
To name or list the units of a group or collection one by one in order to determine a total. n.

  1. The act of counting or calculating.

  2. The totality of specific items in a particular sample.

counter count·er (koun'tər)
n.
One that counts, especially an electronic or mechanical device that automatically counts occurrences or repetitions of phenomena or events.

counter- pref.

  1. Contrary; opposite; opposing: countertransport.

  2. Corresponding; complementary: counterincision.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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American Heritage
Idioms & Phrases

counter

see run counter to; under the counter.

The American Heritage® Dictionary of Idioms by Christine Ammer.
Copyright © 1997. Published by Houghton Mifflin.
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Example sentences
The general counsel's advice runs counter to a directive issued last fall by
  the community-college system's lawyer.
The new census data show that little progress is being made to counter this
  troubling trend.
But some experts counter that much crude remains, out of sight.
When a player uses one counter to jump another, the latter is removed from the
  board, as in the game of checkers.
Images for counter
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