[dih-surn-muhnt, -zurn-]
the faculty of discerning; discrimination; acuteness of judgment and understanding.
the act or an instance of discerning.

1580–90; < Middle French discernement, equivalent to discern(er) to discern + -ment -ment

nondiscernment, noun
prediscernment, noun
self-discernment, noun

1. judgment, perspicacity, penetration, insight.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
discernment (dɪˈsɜːnmənt)
keen perception or judgment

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

1580s, from discern + -ment.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
The difficulty with color perception usually involves the discernment of red
  and green or those colors with red and green in them.
Wisdom and discernment are everywhere.
Abiding truth is to be experienced through self discernment and cannot be
  dished out like a serving of pizza.
The former tends to perpetuate a surface belief while the latter tends toward
  conscious discernment.
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