establishment

[ih-stab-lish-muhnt]
noun
1.
the act or an instance of establishing.
2.
the state or fact of being established.
3.
something established; a constituted order or system.
4.
(often initial capital letter) the existing power structure in society; the dominant groups in society and their customs or institutions; institutional authority (usually preceded by the ): The Establishment believes exploring outer space is worth any tax money spent.
5.
(often initial capital letter) the dominant group in a field of endeavor, organization, etc. (usually preceded by the ): the literary Establishment.
6.
a household; place of residence including its furnishings, grounds, etc.
7.
a place of business together with its employees, merchandise, equipment, etc.
8.
a permanent civil, military, or other force or organization.
9.
an institution, as a school, hospital, etc.
10.
the recognition by a state of a church as the state church.
11.
the church so recognized, especially the Church of England.
12.
Archaic. a fixed or settled income.

Origin:
1475–85; 1920–25 for def 4; establish + -ment

nonestablishment, noun, adjective
reestablishment, noun
superestablishment, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
establishment (ɪˈstæblɪʃmənt)
 
n
1.  the act of establishing or state of being established
2.  a.  a business organization or other large institution
 b.  the place where a business is carried on
3.  the staff and equipment of a commercial or other organization
4.  the approved size, composition, and equipment of a military unit, government department, business division, etc, as formally promulgated
5.  any large organization, institution, or system
6.  a household or place of residence
7.  a body of employees or servants
8.  (modifier) belonging to or characteristic of the Establishment; orthodox or conservative: the establishment view of history

Establishment (ɪˈstæblɪʃmənt)
 
n
the Establishment a group or class of people having institutional authority within a society, esp those who control the civil service, the government, the armed forces, and the Church: usually identified with a conservative outlook

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

establishment
1731, "established Church;" from establish + -ment. Meaning "ruling people and institutions" is from 1923.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Divisions in the ruling clerical establishment deepened.
And the higher-education establishment had to scramble to set the record
  straight.
One sign of that change is the establishment of thousands of hospices, places
  dedicated to caring rather than curing.
In truth, our nation's nuclear weapons establishment operated in secret for
  many years, creating a deep vein of public distrust.
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