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exemplum

[ig-zem-pluh m] /ɪgˈzɛm pləm/
noun, plural exempla
[ig-zem-pluh] /ɪgˈzɛm plə/ (Show IPA)
1.
an example or model.
2.
an anecdote that illustrates or supports a moral point, as in a medieval sermon.
Origin
1885-1890
1885-90; < Late Latin, Latin: literally, a pattern, model, copy
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for exemplum

exemplum

/ɪɡˈzɛmpləm/
noun (pl) -pla (-plə)
1.
an anecdote that supports a moral point or sustains an argument, used esp in medieval sermons
2.
an example or illustration
Word Origin
from Latin: example
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Encyclopedia Article for exemplum

short tale originally incorporated by a medieval preacher into his sermon to emphasize a moral or illustrate a point of doctrine. Fables, folktales, and legends were gathered into collections, such as Exempla (c. 1200) by Jacques de Vitry, for the use of preachers. Such exempla often provided the germ or plot for medieval secular tales in verse or prose. The influence of exempla can be seen in Geoffrey Chaucer's Canterbury Tales (1387-1400) in the haunting "The Pardoner's Tale."

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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