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fresh

[fresh] /frɛʃ/
adjective, fresher, freshest.
1.
newly made or obtained:
fresh footprints.
2.
recently arrived; just come:
fresh from school.
3.
new; not previously known, met with, etc.; novel:
to uncover fresh facts; to seek fresh experiences.
4.
additional or further:
fresh supplies.
5.
not salty, as water.
6.
retaining the original properties unimpaired; not stale or spoiled:
Is the milk still fresh?
7.
not preserved by freezing, canning, pickling, salting, drying, etc.:
fresh vegetables.
8.
not tired or fatigued; brisk; vigorous:
She was still fresh after that long walk.
9.
not faded, worn, obliterated, etc.:
fresh paint; a fresh appearance.
10.
looking youthful and healthy:
a fresh beauty that we all admired.
11.
pure, cool, or refreshing, as air.
12.
denoting a young wine, especially a white or rosé, that is clean, crisp, and uncomplicated.
13.
Meteorology. (of wind) moderately strong or brisk.
14.
inexperienced; green; callow:
Two hundred fresh recruits arrived at the training camp.
15.
Informal. forward or presumptuous.
16.
(of a cow) having recently given birth to a calf.
17.
Slang.
  1. exciting; appealing; great.
  2. informed; up-to-date.
noun
18.
the fresh part or time.
19.
a freshet.
verb (used with object), verb (used without object)
20.
to make or become fresh.
adverb
21.
newly; recently; just now:
He is fresh out of ideas. The eggs are fresh laid.
Origin
900
before 900; Middle English; Old English fersc; cognate with Old Frisian fersk, Old High German frisc (German frisch), Old Norse ferskr
Related forms
freshly, adverb
freshness, noun
Synonyms
1. recent. See new. 11. invigorating, sweet, unadulterated. 14. artless, untrained, raw, uncultivated, unskilled.
Antonyms
1. old. 14. skilled.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for fresh
  • As fresh food stores leave a neighborhood, residents find it harder to eat well and stay healthy.
  • fresh fruits and vegetables are vital to a healthy, nutritious diet.
  • The living room needs a new coat of paint, perhaps a fresh start for both of you.
  • Asparagus is a lovely food when it's fresh during the spring and summer.
  • Probably the best and easiest fresh water, is to move to a rainy climate, and harvest roof runoff.
  • People, plants, and animals depend on that one percent of fresh water.
  • Likewise, some seals will eat snow to get fresh water.
  • Best ever: vanilla on hot fresh homemade rhubarb pie.
  • There are few swathes of farmland lying fallow and much of the world's available fresh water is already being used.
  • Most are found in tropical and subtropical ocean waters, but some species live in brackish and even fresh water.
British Dictionary definitions for fresh

fresh

/frɛʃ/
adjective
1.
not stale or deteriorated; newly made, harvested, etc: fresh bread, fresh strawberries
2.
newly acquired, created, found, etc: fresh publications
3.
novel; original: a fresh outlook
4.
latest; most recent: fresh developments
5.
further; additional; more: fresh supplies
6.
not canned, frozen, or otherwise preserved: fresh fruit
7.
(of water) not salt
8.
bright or clear: a fresh morning
9.
chilly or invigorating: a fresh breeze
10.
not tired; alert; refreshed
11.
not worn or faded: fresh colours
12.
having a healthy or ruddy appearance
13.
newly or just arrived; straight: fresh from the presses
14.
youthful or inexperienced
15.
(mainly US) designating a female farm animal, esp a cow, that has recently given birth
16.
(informal) presumptuous or disrespectful; forward
17.
(Northern English, dialect) partially intoxicated; tipsy
noun
18.
the fresh part or time of something
19.
another name for freshet
verb
20.
(obsolete) to make or become fresh; freshen
adverb
21.
in a fresh manner; freshly
22.
(informal) fresh out of, having just run out of supplies of
Derived Forms
freshly, adverb
freshness, noun
Word Origin
Old English fersc fresh, unsalted; related to Old High German frisc, Old French freis, Old Norse ferskr
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for fresh
adj.

late 13c. "unsalted, pure, sweet, eager," metathesis of Old English fersc "unsalted," from West Germanic *friskaz (cf. Old Frisian fersk, Middle Dutch versch, Dutch vers, Old High German frisc, German frisch "fresh").

Probably cognate with Old Church Slavonic presinu "fresh," Lithuanian preskas "sweet." The metathesis, and the expanded Middle English senses of "new, pure, eager" are probably by influence of (or in some instances, from) Old French fres (fem. fresche), from Proto-Germanic *frisko-, and thus related to the English word. The Germanic root also is the source of Italian and Spanish fresco. Related: Freshly; freshness.

"impudent, presumptuous," 1848, U.S. slang, probably from German frech "insolent, cheeky," from Old High German freh "covetous," related to Old English frec "greedy, bold" (see freak (n.)).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Slang definitions & phrases for fresh

fresh

adjective
  1. Impudent; disrespectful; saucy; cheeky: Don't be fresh to your Momma or I'll belt you one (1848+)
  2. Flirtatious; sexually bold; fast: I'm not that kind of girl, so don't be fresh (1870s+)
  3. loof and uninvolved; cool •In 1990s use increasingly modified: funky fresh, stupid fresh, etc: ''We hang out with him because he's fresh,'' said Jesse/ Word up, fool. We be fresh tonight (1980s+ Black and teenage)

[first two senses perhaps related to German frech, ''impudent''; third sense said to have originated with a 1970s rock group called the Fantastic Romantic Five MCs, who said ''We're fresh out of the pack, you gotta stand back, we got one Puerto Rican and the rest are black'']


The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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fresh in Technology

language

["Fresh: A Higher-Order Language Based on Unification", G. Smolka, in Logic Programming: Functions, Relations and Equations", D. DeGroot et al, P-H 1986, pp. 469-524].
(1996-04-28)

The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing, © Denis Howe 2010 http://foldoc.org
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Idioms and Phrases with fresh
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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