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keratin

[ker-uh-tin] /ˈkɛr ə tɪn/
noun
1.
a scleroprotein or albuminoid substance, found in the dead outer skin layer, and in horn, hair, feathers, hoofs, nails, claws, bills, etc.
Origin
1840-1850
1840-50; kerat- + -in2
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for keratin
  • Feathers are composed of keratin, a fibrous protein that has the same sort of strength as synthetic fibres.
  • It is known by the name of the enamel droplet, and resembles keratin in its resistance to the action of mineral acids.
  • They are composed not of keratin, the stuff of fingernails, but of bone.
  • The dark hair pigments are the first to decompose leaving the lighter pigments and lighter in color keratin.
  • Horns and feathers are also made of keratin, broadening the prospects of sequencing other extinct species from museum specimens.
  • They're more resistant to both chemical and physical decay than the keratin of feathers and hair.
  • Overlying the bone are protective scaly layers of keratin, the same protein that makes up our fingernails and hair.
  • Most salons that make this claim either don't get the same results as keratin treatments or are secretly using formaldehyde.
  • Ivory is an elephant's tooth, while rhino horn is keratin, similar to a horse's hoof.
British Dictionary definitions for keratin

keratin

/ˈkɛrətɪn/
noun
1.
a fibrous protein that occurs in the outer layer of the skin and in hair, nails, feathers, hooves, etc
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for keratin
n.

basic substance of horns, nails, feathers, etc., 1847, from Greek keras (genitive keratos) "horn" (see kerato-) + chemical suffix -in (2).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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keratin in Medicine

keratin ker·a·tin (kěr'ə-tĭn)
n.
Any of a group of scleroproteins or albuminoids that contain large amounts of sulfur and are the chief structural constituents of hair, nails, and other horny tissues.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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keratin in Science
keratin
  (kěr'ə-tĭn)   
Any of a class of tough, fibrous proteins that are the main structural component of hair, nails, horns, feathers, and hooves. Keratins are rich in sulfur-containing amino acids, especially cysteine. Individual keratin molecules are entwined helically around each other in long filaments, which are cross-linked by bonds between sulfur atoms on different chains. The twining and cross-linking produce strength and toughness.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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