city of northern Bulgaria, on the Danube River near the mouth of the Rusenski Lom. Bulgaria's principal river port and a transportation hub for road and rail, Ruse has regular shipping services on the Danube and an airport. Upstream is the Friendship Bridge, built in 1954, carrying road and rail traffic across the river to Giurgiu, in Romania. Ruse is an industrial town, with an oil refinery, railway car and locomotive works, textile mills, and plants for food processing and the production of agricultural machinery, leather goods, ceramics, and other consumer goods. The harbour is cut in the Danube alluvial plain at the foot of low bluffs.
Learn more about Ruse with a free trial on Britannica.com.