1375–1425; late Middle English (noun use of obsolete rusen to detour) < Middle French, derivative of ruser to retreat. See rush1

See trick. Unabridged


a city in N Bulgaria, on the Danube. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
ruse (ruːz)
an action intended to mislead, deceive, or trick; stratagem
[C15: from Old French: trick, esp to evade capture, from ruser to retreat, from Latin recūsāre to refuse]

Ruse (ˈruːseɪ)
a city in NE Bulgaria, on the River Danube: the chief river port and one of the largest industrial centres in Bulgaria. Pop: 172 000 (2005 est)

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

1410, "dodging movements of a hunted animal," from O.Fr. ruse (14c.), noun use of ruser "to dodge, repel, retreat," from L. recusare "deny, reject, oppose," from re- intensive prefix, + causari "plead as a reason, object, allege," from causa "reason, cause." Or the O.Fr. word may be from L. rursus "backwards."
"A French word neither elegant nor necessary." [Johnson] But the verb ruse was used in M.E.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Britannica


city of northern Bulgaria, on the Danube River near the mouth of the Rusenski Lom. Bulgaria's principal river port and a transportation hub for road and rail, Ruse has regular shipping services on the Danube and an airport. Upstream is the Friendship Bridge, built in 1954, carrying road and rail traffic across the river to Giurgiu, in Romania. Ruse is an industrial town, with an oil refinery, railway car and locomotive works, textile mills, and plants for food processing and the production of agricultural machinery, leather goods, ceramics, and other consumer goods. The harbour is cut in the Danube alluvial plain at the foot of low bluffs.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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