|secretary (ˈsɛkrətrɪ, -)|
|—n , pl -taries|
|1.||a person who handles correspondence, keeps records, and does general clerical work for an individual, organization, etc|
|2.||the official manager of the day-to-day business of a society or board|
|3.||(in Britain) a senior civil servant who assists a government minister|
|4.||(in the US and New Zealand) the head of a government administrative department|
|5.||(in Britain) See secretary of state|
|6.||(in Australia) the head of a public service department|
|7.||diplomacy the assistant to an ambassador or diplomatic minister of certain countries|
|8.||another name for secretaire|
|[C14: from Medieval Latin sēcrētārius, from Latin sēcrētum something hidden; see |
a writing desk fitted with drawers, one of which can be pulled out and the front lowered to provide a flat writing surface. There are many variations to this basic design. Early versions, which appeared in France in the first half of the 18th century, were made in one piece divided into two sections. The lower section consisted of a cupboard compartment closed in by solid or sliding doors that sometimes concealed a set of drawers; in some cases, however, the drawers were open to view. The upper section included a drop front that, when lowered, provided the writing surface and revealed an inner section fitted with various receptacles (such as pigeonholes, drawers, and recesses) for ink, paper, documents, and the like. Although this type persisted, a number of variations occurred, such as the addition of mirror doors above the upper, drop-front section and, later, the insertion of a space in the lower part of the secretary to accommodate the knees of the writer, the drawers being divided into two sections on either side of the arched recess.
Learn more about secretary with a free trial on Britannica.com.