a plan, scheme, or trick for surprising or deceiving an enemy.
any artifice, ruse, or trick devised or used to attain a goal or to gain an advantage over an adversary or competitor: business stratagems.

1480–90; (< Middle French stratageme) < Italian stratagemma war ruse < Latin stratēgēma < Greek stratḗgēma instance of generalship, derivative of stratēgeîn to be in command, derivative of stratēgós military commander (see strategy)

stratagemical [strat-uh-jem-i-kuhl] , adjective
stratagemically, adverb

stratagem, strategy, tactic (see synonym study at strategy).

1, 2. See trick. 2. deception, intrigue, device, maneuver, contrivance. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
stratagem (ˈstrætɪdʒəm)
a plan or trick, esp one to deceive an enemy
[C15: ultimately from Greek stratēgos a general, from stratos an army + agein to lead]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

"artifice, trick," 1489, from M.Fr. stratagème "trick, especially to outwit an enemy," from It. stratagemma, from L. strategema "artifice, stratagem," from Gk. strategema "the act of a general, military stratagem," from strategein "to be a general, command," from strategos "general" (see
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
It is a stratagem of the novelist no less than of the playwright to symbolize physically the moral nature of a character.
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