9 Grammatical Pitfalls


[vin-dik-tiv] /vɪnˈdɪk tɪv/
disposed or inclined to revenge; vengeful:
a vindictive person.
proceeding from or showing a revengeful spirit:
vindictive rumors.
Origin of vindictive
1610-20; < Latin vindict(a) vengeance + -ive
Related forms
vindictively, adverb
vindictiveness, noun
unvindictive, adjective
unvindictively, adverb
unvindictiveness, noun
Can be confused
vindicatory, vindictive.
1. unforgiving. See spiteful.
1. forgiving. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the web for vindictiveness
  • Besides he's been kept out by spitefulness and vindictiveness.
  • While there should be no surrender of principle, our task must be undertaken wisely and without heedless vindictiveness.
  • The gunmen's jittery vindictiveness plays into the hands of the strategists who control them.
  • Even when that indignation sharpens into personal vindictiveness, it may still be a good symptom, though bad in itself.
  • Toward the end he often soured into rancor and vindictiveness.
  • The nasty vindictiveness of some of the replies shocks me and they should you too.
  • It reflects a personal vindictiveness that should have no place in this process.
  • Thus, the government presented evidence that the information was not turned over out of vindictiveness.
  • Prosecutorial vindictiveness was not raised in the trial court and appeals court declines to find plain error.
  • The additional charges have not resulted from vindictiveness but from a cautious and deliberate investigation.
British Dictionary definitions for vindictiveness


disposed to seek vengeance
characterized by spite or rancour
(English law) (of damages) in excess of the compensation due to the plaintiff and imposed in punishment of the defendant
Derived Forms
vindictively, adverb
vindictiveness, noun
Word Origin
C17: from Latin vindicta revenge, from vindicāre to vindicate
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for vindictiveness

from vindictive + -ness.



1610s, from Latin vindicta "revenge" (see vindication). Related: Vindictively.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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