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-ar1

1.
variant of the adjective-forming suffix -al1 , joined to words in which an l precedes the suffix: circular; lunar; singular .
Origin
< Latin -āris; replacing Middle English -er < Anglo-French, Old French < Latin -āris

-ar2

1.
variant of -er2 , often under the influence of a spelling with -ar- in a cognate Latin noun:
burglar; cellar; collar; mortar; poplar; scholar; vicar; vinegar.

-ar3

1.
variant of -er1. on the model of -ar2 , used in the formation of nouns of agency: liar; beggar .
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for -ar

-ar

suffix
1.
of; belonging to; like: linear, polar, minuscular
Word Origin
via Old French -er from Latin -āris, replacing -ālis (-al1) after stems ending in l
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for -ar

word-formation element meaning "pertaining to, of the nature of," from Latin -arem, -aris "of the kind of, belonging to," a secondary form of -alis, dissimilated for used after syllables with an -l- (e.g. insularis for *insulalis, stellaris for *stellalis).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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