-ed

-ed

1
a suffix forming the past tense of weak verbs: he crossed the river.

Origin:
Old English -de, -ede, -ode, -ade; orig. disputed

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-ed

2
a suffix forming the past participle of weak verbs (he had crossed the river ), and of participial adjectives indicating a condition or quality resulting from the action of the verb (inflated balloons ).

Origin:
Old English -ed, -od, -ad; orig. disputed

-ed

3
a suffix forming adjectives from nouns: bearded; monied; tender-hearted.

Origin:
Middle English; Old English -ede

Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
-ed1
 
suffix
forming the past tense of most English verbs
 
[Old English -de, -ede, -ode, -ade]

-ed2
 
suffix
forming the past participle of most English verbs
 
[Old English -ed, -od, -ad]

-ed3
 
suffix forming adjectives
possessing or having the characteristics of: salaried; red-blooded
 
[Old English -ede]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

-ed
pp. suffix of weak verbs, from O.E. -ed, -ad, -od (leveled to -ed in M.E.), from P.Gmc. *-do-, from PIE *-to- (cf. Gk. -tos, L. -tus). Originally fully pronounced, as still in beloved (which, with blessed, accursed, and a few others retains the full pronunciation through liturgical readings). In 16c.-18c.
often written -t when so pronounced (usually after a consonant or short vowel), and still so where a long vowel in the stem is short in the pp. (crept, slept, etc.). In some older words both forms exist, with different shades of meaning, cf. gilded/gilt, burned/burnt.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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