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-ed1

1.
a suffix forming the past tense of weak verbs:
he crossed the river.
Origin
Old English -de, -ede, -ode, -ade; orig. disputed

-ed2

1.
a suffix forming the past participle of weak verbs (he had crossed the river), and of participial adjectives indicating a condition or quality resulting from the action of the verb (inflated balloons).
Origin
Old English -ed, -od, -ad; orig. disputed

-ed3

1.
a suffix forming adjectives from nouns:
bearded; monied; tender-hearted.
Origin
Middle English; Old English -ede
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for -ed

-ed1

suffix
1.
forming the past tense of most English verbs
Word Origin
Old English -de, -ede, -ode, -ade

-ed2

suffix
1.
forming the past participle of most English verbs
Word Origin
Old English -ed, -od, -ad

-ed3

suffix
1.
possessing or having the characteristics of: salaried; red-blooded
Word Origin
Old English -ede
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for -ed

past participle suffix of weak verbs, from Old English -ed, -ad. --od (leveled to -ed in Middle English), from Proto-Germanic *-do- (cf. Old High German -ta, German -t, Old Norse -þa, Gothic -da, -þs), from PIE *-to- (cf. Sanskrit -tah, Greek -tos, Latin -tus).

Originally fully pronounced, as still in beloved (which, with blessed, accursed, and a few others retains the full pronunciation through liturgical readings). In 16c.-18c. often written -t when so pronounced (usually after a consonant or short vowel), and still so where a long vowel in the stem is short in the pp. (e.g. crept, slept, etc.). In some older words both forms exist, with different shades of meaning, e.g. gilded/gilt, burned/burnt.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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