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-ish1

1.
a suffix used to form adjectives from nouns, with the sense of “belonging to” (British; Danish; English; Spanish); “after the manner of,” “having the characteristics of,” “like” (babyish; girlish; mulish); “addicted to,” “inclined or tending to” (bookish; freakish); “near or about” (fiftyish; sevenish).
2.
a suffix used to form adjectives from other adjectives, with the sense of “somewhat,” “rather” (oldish; reddish; sweetish).
Origin
Middle English; Old English -isc; cognate with German -isch, Gothic -isks, Greek -iskos; akin to -esque

-ish2

1.
a suffix occurring in i -stem verbs borrowed from French:
ravish.
Origin
< French -iss-, extended stem of verbs with infinitives in -irLatin -isc-, in inceptive verbs
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for -ish

-ish

suffix
1.
of or belonging to a nationality or group: Scottish
2.
(often derogatory) having the manner or qualities of; resembling: slavish, prudish, boyish
3.
somewhat; approximately: yellowish, sevenish
4.
concerned or preoccupied with: bookish
Word Origin
Old English -isc; related to German -isch, Greek -iskos
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for -ish

adjectival suffix, from Old English -isc, common Germanic (cf. Old Norse -iskr, German -isch, Gothic -isks), cognate with Greek diminutive suffix -iskos. Colloquially attached to hours to denote approximation, 1916.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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