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-ment

1.
a suffix of nouns, often concrete, denoting an action or resulting state (abridgment; refreshment), a product (fragment), or means (ornament).
Origin
< French < Latin -mentum, suffix forming nouns, usually from verbs
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for -ment

-ment

suffix
1.
indicating state, condition, or quality enjoyment
2.
indicating the result or product of an action embankment
3.
indicating process or action management
Word Origin
from French, from Latin -mentum
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for -ment

suffix forming nouns, originally from French and representing Latin -mentum, which was added to verb stems sometimes to represent the result or product of the action. French inserts an -e- between the verbal root and the suffix (e.g. commenc-e-ment from commenc-er; with verbs in ir, -i- is inserted instead (e.g. sent-i-ment from sentir). Used with English verb stems from 16c. (e.g. merriment, which also illustrates the habit of turning -y to -i- before this suffix).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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