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ablative1

[ab-luh-tiv] /ˈæb lə tɪv/
adjective
1.
(in some inflected languages) noting a case that has among its functions the indication of place from which or, as in Latin, place in which, manner, means, instrument, or agent.
noun
2.
the ablative case.
3.
a word in that case, as Troiā in Latin Aenēas Troiā vēnit, “Aeneas came from Troy.”.
Origin
late Middle English
1400-1450
1400-50; late Middle English < Latin ablātīvus. See ablate, -ive
Related forms
ablatival
[ab-luh-tahy-vuh l] /ˌæb ləˈtaɪ vəl/ (Show IPA),
adjective

ablative2

[a-bley-tiv] /æˈbleɪ tɪv/
adjective
1.
capable of or susceptible to ablation; tending to ablate:
the ablative nose cone of a rocket.
Origin
1560-70; ablate + -ive
Related forms
ablatively, adverb
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for ablative
  • Non-ablative laser resurfacing does not have the same severe after-effects as other laser treatments.
  • The golf ball is covered with a ablative material which is heated by the solar wind it is plowing through.
  • The locative is identical to the ablative in the fourth and fifth declension.
  • The locative, ablative, and dative are identical in the plural.
British Dictionary definitions for ablative

ablative

/ˈæblətɪv/
adjective
1.
(in certain inflected languages such as Latin) denoting a case of nouns, pronouns, and adjectives indicating the agent in passive sentences or the instrument, manner, or place of the action described by the verb
noun
2.
  1. the ablative case
  2. a word or speech element in the ablative case
3.
taking away or removing ablative surgery
4.
able to disintegrate or be worn away at a very high temperature a thick layer of ablative material
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for ablative
n.

mid-15c., from Middle French ablatif, from Latin (casus) ablativus "(case) of removal," expressing direction from a place or time, coined by Julius Caesar from ablatus "taken away," past participle of auferre "carrying away," from ab- "away" (see ab-) + irregular verb ferre (past participle latum; see oblate) "to carry, to bear" (see infer).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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