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absent

[adj., prep. ab-suh nt; v. ab-sent, ab-suh nt] /adj., prep. ˈæb sənt; v. æbˈsɛnt, ˈæb sənt/
adjective
1.
not in a certain place at a given time; away, missing (opposed to present):
absent from class.
2.
lacking; nonexistent:
Revenge is absent from his mind.
3.
not attentive; preoccupied; absent-minded:
an absent look on his face.
verb (used with object)
4.
to take or keep (oneself) away:
to absent oneself from a meeting.
preposition
5.
in the absence of; without:
Absent some catastrophe, stock-market prices should soon improve.
Origin
1350-1400
1350-1400; Middle English < Latin absent- (stem of absēns, present participle of abesse to be away (ab- ab- + -s- be (see is) + -ent- -ent))
Related forms
absentation
[ab-suh n-tey-shuh n] /ˌæb sənˈteɪ ʃən/ (Show IPA),
noun
absenter, noun
absentness, noun
nonabsentation, noun
Synonyms
1. out, off.
Antonyms
1. present.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for absentation

absent

adjective (ˈæbsənt)
1.
away or not present
2.
lacking; missing
3.
inattentive; absent-minded
verb (æbˈsɛnt)
4.
(transitive) to remove (oneself) or keep away
Derived Forms
absenter, noun
Word Origin
C14: from Latin absent-, stem of absēns, present participle of abesse to be away
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for absentation

absent

adj.

late 14c., from Middle French absent (Old French ausent), from Latin absentem (nominative absens), present participle of abesse "be away from, be absent" (see absence). Related: Absently; absentness.

v.

"to keep away" (from), c.1400, from Middle French absenter, from Late Latin absentare "cause to be away," from Latin absentem (see absent (adj.)). Related: Absented; absenting.

prep.

"in the absence of," 1944, principally from U.S. legal use, from absent (v.).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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