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abuse

[v. uh-byooz; n. uh-byoos] /v. əˈbyuz; n. əˈbyus/
verb (used with object), abused, abusing.
1.
to use wrongly or improperly; misuse:
to abuse one's authority.
2.
to treat in a harmful, injurious, or offensive way:
to abuse a horse; to abuse one's eyesight.
3.
to speak insultingly, harshly, and unjustly to or about; revile; malign.
4.
to commit sexual assault upon.
5.
Obsolete. to deceive or mislead.
noun
6.
wrong or improper use; misuse:
the abuse of privileges.
7.
harshly or coarsely insulting language:
The officer heaped abuse on his men.
8.
bad or improper treatment; maltreatment:
The child was subjected to cruel abuse.
9.
a corrupt or improper practice or custom:
the abuses of a totalitarian regime.
10.
rape or sexual assault.
11.
Obsolete, deception.
Idioms
12.
abuse oneself, to masturbate.
Origin
late Middle English
1400-1450
1400-50; (v.) late Middle English abusen < Middle French abuser, verbal derivative of abus < Latin abūsus misuse, wasting, equivalent to abūt(ī) to use up, misuse (ab- ab- + ūtī to use) + -tus suffix of v. action; (noun) late Middle English abus < Middle French abus or Latin abūsus
Related forms
abusable
[uh-byoo-zuh-buh l] /əˈbyu zə bəl/ (Show IPA),
adjective
abuser, noun
antiabuse, adjective
overabuse, noun, verb (used with object), overabused, overabusing.
unabusable, adjective
unabused, adjective
Synonyms
1. misapply. 2. ill-use, maltreat, injure, harm, hurt. 3. vilify, vituperate, berate, scold; slander, defame, calumniate, traduce. 6. misapplication. 7. slander, aspersion. Abuse, censure, invective all mean strongly expressed disapproval. Abuse implies an outburst of harsh and scathing words against another (often one who is defenseless): abuse directed against an opponent. Censure implies blame, adverse criticism, or hostile condemnation: severe censure of acts showing bad judgment. Invective applies to strong but formal denunciation in speech or print, often in the public interest: invective against graft.
Antonyms
3, 7. praise.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for abuser

abuse

verb (transitive) (əˈbjuːz)
1.
to use incorrectly or improperly; misuse
2.
to maltreat, esp physically or sexually
3.
to speak insultingly or cruelly to; revile
4.
(reflexive) to masturbate
noun (əˈbjuːs)
5.
improper, incorrect, or excessive use; misuse
6.
maltreatment of a person; injury
7.
insulting, contemptuous, or coarse speech
8.
an evil, unjust, or corrupt practice
9.
10.
(archaic) a deception
Derived Forms
abuser, noun
Word Origin
c14 (vb): via Old French from Latin abūsus, past participle of abūtī to misuse, from ab-1 + ūtī to use
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for abuser
abuse
early 15c., from M.Fr. abuser, from V.L. *abusare, from L. abusus, pp. of abuti "use up," also "misuse," from ab- "away" + uti "use" (see use). Specifically of drugs, from 1968. The noun is first recorded mid-15c., from Fr. abus (14c.).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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abuser in Medicine

abuse a·buse (ə-byōōz')
v. a·bused, a·bus·ing, a·bus·es

  1. To use wrongly or improperly; misuse.

  2. To hurt or injure physically by maltreatment.

  3. To assail with contemptuous, coarse, or insulting words; revile.

n. (ə-byōōs')
  1. Improper use or handling, as of a drug; misuse.

  2. Physical maltreatment, as of a spouse or child.

  3. Insulting or coarse language.


a·bus'er n.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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