of or pertaining to Acadia or its inhabitants.
a native or inhabitant of Acadia.
Cajun ( def 1 ).

1695–1705, Americanism; Acadi(a) + -an Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
Acadian (əˈkeɪdɪən)
1.  denoting or relating to Acadia or its inhabitants
2.  See also Cajun any of the early French settlers in Nova Scotia, many of whom were deported to Louisiana in the 18th century

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

1705, from Acadia, Latinized form of Acadie, Fr. name of Nova Scotia, probably from Archadia, the name given to the region by Verrazano in 1520s, from Gk. Arkadia, emblematic in pastoral poetry of a place of rural peace (see Arcadian); the name may have been suggested
to Europeans by the native Micmac (Algonquian) word akadie "fertile land." The Acadians, expelled by the English in 1755, settled in large numbers in Louisiana (see Cajun, which is a corruption of Acadian).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences for Acadians
With no strong royal authority, the acadians implemented village selfrule.
Despite their nominal faith, acadians often worked on sundays and religious holidays.
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