Achilles

Achilles

[uh-kil-eez]
noun Classical Mythology.
the greatest Greek warrior in the Trojan War and hero of Homer's Iliad. He killed Hector and was killed when Paris wounded him in the heel, his one vulnerable spot, with an arrow.

Achillean [ak-uh-lee-uhn, uh-kil-ee-] , adjective
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
Achilles (əˈkɪliːz)
 
n
Greek myth Greek hero, the son of Peleus and the sea goddess Thetis: in the Iliad the foremost of the Greek warriors at the siege of Troy. While he was a baby his mother plunged him into the river Styx making his body invulnerable except for the heel by which she held him. After slaying Hector, he was killed by Paris who wounded him in the heel
 
Achillean
 
adj

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

Achilles
Gk. hero of the Trojan War stories, son of Thetis and Peleus, his name is perhaps a compound of akhos "pain, grief" (see awe) + laos "the people, a people;" or else it is from a pre-Greek language. Achilles tendon is from Mod.L. tendo Achillis, first used by Ger. surgeon Heister
and so-called in reference to the one vulnerable spot of the great Gk. hero, whose mother held him by the heel when she dipped him in the River Styx to render him invulnerable (though this story is not in Homer and not found before 1c. C.E.). Earlier Achilles' sinew, from Mod.L. chorda Achillis, coined 1693 by Du. anatomist Philip Verheyden when dissecting his own amputated leg. Hence fig use of heel of Achillies for "vulnerable spot" (1810).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary
Achilles [(uh-kil-eez)]

In classical mythology, the greatest warrior on the Greek side in the Trojan War. When he was an infant, his mother tried to make him immortal by bathing him in a magical river, but the heel by which she held him remained vulnerable. During the Trojan War, he quarreled with the commander, Agamemnon, and in anger sulked in his tent. Eventually Achilles emerged to fight and killed the Trojan hero Hector, but he was wounded in the heel by an arrow and died shortly thereafter.

Note: People speak of an “Achilles' heel” as the one weak or sore point in a person's character.
Note: The Achilles tendon runs from the heel to the calf.
Note: Achilles is the hero of Homer's Iliad.
Note: The phrase “wrath of Achilles” refers to the hero's anger, which caused so much destruction that Homer refers to it as his main theme in the first line of the Iliad.
The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
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