affliction

[uh-flik-shuhn]
noun
1.
a state of pain, distress, or grief; misery: They sympathized with us in our affliction.
2.
a cause of mental or bodily pain, as sickness, loss, calamity, or persecution.

Origin:
1300–50; Middle English affliccioun < Latin afflīctiōn- (stem of afflīctiō). See afflict, -ion

afflictionless, adjective
overaffliction, noun
preaffliction, noun


2. mishap, trouble, tribulation, calamity, catastrophe, disaster. Affliction, adversity, misfortune, trial refer to an event or circumstance that is hard to bear. A misfortune is any adverse or unfavorable occurrence: He had the misfortune to break his leg. Affliction suggests not only a serious misfortune but the emotional effect of this: Blindness is an affliction. Adversity suggests a calamity or distress: Job remained patient despite all his adversities. Trial emphasizes the testing of one's character in undergoing misfortunes, trouble, etc.: His son's conduct was a great trial to him.


1. relief, comfort, solace.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
affliction (əˈflɪkʃən)
 
n
1.  a condition of great distress, pain, or suffering
2.  something responsible for physical or mental suffering, such as a disease, grief, etc

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

affliction
c.1300, from O.Fr. aflicion, from L. afflictionem (nom. afflictio), noun of action from pp. stem of affligere (see afflict).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Easton
Bible Dictionary

Afflictions definition


common to all (Job 5:7; 14:1; Ps. 34:19); are for the good of men (James 1:2, 3, 12; 2 Cor. 12:7) and the glory of God (2 Cor. 12:7-10; 1 Pet. 4:14), and are to be borne with patience by the Lord's people (Ps. 94:12; Prov. 3:12). They are all directed by God (Lam. 3:33), and will result in the everlasting good of his people (2 Cor. 4:16-18) in Christ Jesus (Rom. 8:35-39).

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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Example sentences
It is set in the middle of the lifeless desert, where many have reputedly been
  cured of afflictions.
They also need to determine which afflictions might be treated with
  reprogrammed cells.
Emotional letdowns, which can cause corresponding physical and mental
  breakdowns, are common afflictions of big winners.
But it didn't do much for patients with more-systemic afflictions, such as
  schizophrenia and manic-depressive illness.
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