Albi

Dictionary.com Unabridged

Tarn

[tarn]
noun
a department in S France. 2232 sq. mi. (5780 sq. km). Capital: Albi.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
Albi (French albi)
 
n
a town in S France: connected with the Albigensian heresy and the crusade against it. Pop: 46 274 (1999)

tarn (tɑːn)
 
n
a small mountain lake or pool
 
[C14: of Scandinavian origin; related to Old Norse tjörn pool]

Tarn (French tarn)
 
n
1.  a department of S France, in Midi-Pyrénées region. Capital: Albi. Pop: 350 477 (2003 est). Area: 5780 sq km (2254 sq miles)
2.  a river in SW France, rising in the Massif Central and flowing generally west to the Garonne River. Length: 375 km (233 miles)

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

tarn
1256, from O.N. tjorn "small mountain lake without tributaries," from P.Gmc. *terno, perhaps originally "water hole." A dialectal word popularized by the Lake poets.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
tarn   (tärn)  Pronunciation Key 
A small mountain lake, especially one formed as a glacier melts, filling a cirque with water.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

albi

city, capital of Tarn departement, Midi-Pyrenees region, in the Languedoc, southern France. It lies along the Tarn River where the latter leaves the Massif Central for the Garonne Plain, northeast of Toulouse. Albi, or Albiga, was the capital of the Gallo-Roman Albigenses and later of the viscounty of Albigeois, which was a fief of the counts of Toulouse. An active centre of Catharism, the town gave its name to the Albigensian heresy, which led to the Albigensian Crusade (1209) and later to the development of the Inquisition. The city was captured in 1215, and the bishops subsequently lost their estates to the crown. By a convention (1264), temporal power was granted to the bishops (archbishops after 1678) until the French Revolution.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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