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region of France encompassing the northeastern departements of Haut-Rhin ("Upper Rhine") and Bas-Rhin ("Lower Rhine") and roughly coextensive with the historical region of Alsace. It is bounded by the regions of Lorraine to the west and Franche-Comte to the southwest. Switzerland lies to the south and Germany borders it to the east and north. The capital is Strasbourg. Area 3,197 square miles (8,280 square km). Pop. (1999) 1,734,145.