|1.||Modern Chinese name: Xiamen a port in SE China, in Fujian province on Amoy Island, at the mouth of the Jiulong River opposite Taiwan: one of the first treaty ports opened to European trade (1842). Pop: 746 000 (2005 est)|
|2.||the dialect of Chinese spoken in Amoy, Taiwan, and elsewhere: a Min dialect|
city and port, southeastern Fujian sheng (province), China. It is situated on the southwestern coast of Xiamen (Amoy) Island in Xiamen Harbour (an inlet of the Taiwan Strait), the estuary of the Jiulong River. Known as the "garden on the sea," it has an excellent harbour sheltered by a number of offshore islands, the most important of which, Quemoy (Pinyin: Jinmen; Wade-Giles: Chin-men), in the mouth of the estuary, has remained a fortress in the hands of the government on Taiwan. The region has a warm and humid subtropical climate, with abundant precipitation falling mainly in the summer months. Pop. (2002 est.) 963,019; (2007 est.) urban agglom., 2,519,000.
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