a member of any of various Protestant sects, formed in Europe after 1520, that denied the validity of infant baptism, baptized believers only, and advocated social and economic reforms as well as the complete separation of church and state.
Archaic. Baptist ( def 1 ).
of or pertaining to Anabaptists or Anabaptism.

1525–35; < Neo-Latin anabaptista < Medieval Latin anabapt(īzāre) to rebaptize (< Late Greek anabaptī́zein; see ana-, baptize) + -ista -ist

Anabaptism, noun
Anabaptistically, adverb Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
Anabaptist (ˌænəˈbæptɪst)
1.  a member of any of various 16th-century Protestant movements that rejected infant baptism, insisted that adults be rebaptized, and sought to establish Christian communism
2.  a member of a later Protestant sect holding the same doctrines, esp with regard to baptism
3.  of or relating to these movements or sects or their doctrines
[C16: from Ecclesiastical Latin anabaptista, from anabaptīzāre to baptize again, from Late Greek anabaptizein; see ana-, baptize]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

1530s, "one who baptizes over again," from L. anabaptismus "second baptism" (used in literal sense from 4c.), as if from Gk. ana- "up (in place or time), back again, anew" + baptismos "baptism." Originally in Eng. in ref. to sect that practiced adult baptism and arose in Germany 1521. Probably so called
because, as a new faith, they baptized converts who had already been baptized (as infants) in the older Christian churches. Modern branches only baptize once (adults) and do not actively seek converts. The name also was applied, usually opprobriously, to Baptists, perhaps due to the multiple immersions of their baptisms.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences for Anabaptists
The anabaptists also have stood historically against the practice of infant baptism.
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