noun Biochemistry.
any of a class of water-soluble pigments that give flowers the colors ranging from red to blue.
Also, anthocyan [an-thuh-sahy-uhn] .

1830–40; antho- + cyanin(e) Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
anthocyanin or anthocyan (ˌænθəʊˈsaɪənɪn, ˌænθəʊˈsaɪən)
any of a class of water-soluble glycosidic pigments, esp those responsible for the red and blue colours in flowers. They are closely related to vitamins E and P
[C19: from antho- + -cyanin, from Greek kuanos dark blue]
anthocyan or anthocyan
[C19: from antho- + -cyanin, from Greek kuanos dark blue]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Example sentences for Anthocyanins
As red wines contain high levels of anthocyanins they are generally more susceptible.
Cherries cherries contain anthocyanins, the red pigment in berries.
Cherry anthocyanins have been shown to reduce pain and inflammation in rats.
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