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apple

[ap-uh l] /ˈæp əl/
noun
1.
the usually round, red or yellow, edible fruit of a small tree, Malus sylvestris, of the rose family.
2.
the tree, cultivated in most temperate regions.
3.
the fruit of any of certain other species of tree of the same genus.
4.
any of these trees.
5.
any of various other similar fruits, or fruitlike products or plants, as the custard apple, love apple, May apple, or oak apple.
6.
anything resembling an apple in size and shape, as a ball, especially a baseball.
7.
Bowling. an ineffectively bowled ball.
8.
Slang. a red capsule containing a barbiturate, especially secobarbital.
Origin
900
before 900; Middle English appel, Old English æppel; cognate with Old Frisian, Dutch appel, Old Saxon apl, appul, Old High German apful (German Apfel), Crimean Gothic apel < Germanic *aplu (akin to Old Norse epli < *apljan); Old Irish ubull (neuter), Welsh afal, Breton aval < pre-Celtic *ǫblu; Lithuanian óbuolas, -ỹs, Latvian âbuol(i)s (with reshaped suffix), OPruss woble, perhaps Thracian (din)upla, (sin)upyla wild pumpkin, OCS (j)ablŭko (representing *ablŭ-ko, neuter) < Balto-Slavic *āblu-. Cf. Avalon
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for apple
  • Isaac Newton was 83 when he told a biographer the tale of observing an apple fall at age 23.
  • At the games that followed the wedding feast she threw a golden apple .
  • Residents walk to the foundry, to peach and apple orchards and to greenhouses where they grow herbs and vegetables.
  • Make circles of overlapping apple slices on top of the brown sugar.
  • You are trying to compare a red rock to an apple to say apples are rocks.
  • Either that or I need to find a really good apple pie recipe.
  • This trail includes visits to Londonderry's five apple orchards.
  • The flavors and juices blend beautifully and the apple bakes firm and tender in its foil jacket.
  • There is always one bad apple in the bunch.
  • Cover bottom of a shallow baking-dish with apple sauce.
British Dictionary definitions for apple

apple

/ˈæpəl/
noun
1.
a rosaceous tree, Malus sieversii, native to Central Asia but widely cultivated in temperate regions in many varieties, having pink or white fragrant flowers and firm rounded edible fruits See also crab apple
2.
the fruit of this tree, having red, yellow, or green skin and crisp whitish flesh
3.
the wood of this tree
4.
any of several unrelated trees that have fruits similar to the apple, such as the custard apple, sugar apple, and May apple See also love apple, oak apple, thorn apple
5.
apple of one's eye, a person or thing that is very precious or much loved
6.
bad apple, rotten apple, a person with a corrupting influence
See also apples
Word Origin
Old English æppel; related to Old Saxon appel, Old Norse apall, Old High German apful
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for apple
n.

Old English æppel "apple; any kind of fruit; fruit in general," from Proto-Germanic *ap(a)laz (cf. Old Saxon, Old Frisian, Dutch appel, Old Norse eple, Old High German apful, German Apfel), from PIE *ab(e)l "apple" (cf. Gaulish avallo "fruit;" Old Irish ubull, Lithuanian obuolys, Old Church Slavonic jabloko "apple"), but the exact relation and original sense of these is uncertain (cf. melon).

A roted eppel amang þe holen, makeþ rotie þe yzounde. ["Ayenbite of Inwit," 1340]
In Middle English and as late as 17c., it was a generic term for all fruit other than berries but including nuts (e.g. Old English fingeræppla "dates," literally "finger-apples;" Middle English appel of paradis "banana," c.1400). Hence its grafting onto the unnamed "fruit of the forbidden tree" in Genesis. Cucumbers, in one Old English work, are eorþæppla, literally "earth-apples" (cf. French pomme de terre "potato," literally "earth-apple;" see also melon). French pomme is from Latin pomum "apple; fruit" (see Pomona).
As far as the forbidden fruit is concerned, again, the Quran does not mention it explicitly, but according to traditional commentaries it was not an apple, as believed by Christians and Jews, but wheat. ["The Heart of Islam: Enduring Values for Humanity," Seyyed Hossein Nasr, 2002]
Apple of Discord (c.1400) was thrown into the wedding of Thetis and Peleus by Eris (goddess of chaos and discord), who had not been invited, and inscribed kallisti "To the Prettiest One." Paris, elected to choose which goddess should have it, gave it to Aphrodite, offending Hera and Athene, with consequences of the Trojan War, etc.

Apple of one's eye (Old English), symbol of what is most cherished, was the pupil, supposed to be a globular solid body. Apple-polisher "one who curries favor" first attested 1928 in student slang. The image of something that upsets the apple cart is attested from 1788. Road apple "horse dropping" is from 1942.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Slang definitions & phrases for apple

apple

noun
  1. A ball, esp a baseball
  2. A street or district where excitement may be found (1930s+ Jazz musicians)
  3. Any large town or city (1930s+ Jazz musicians)
  4. A Native American who has taken on the values and behavior of the white community; uncle tomahawk
Related Terms

alley apple, the big apple, horse apple, smart apple, sure as god made little green apples, swallow the apple, wise guy


The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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apple in Technology

language
A revision of APL for the Illiac IV.
(1995-04-28)

The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing, © Denis Howe 2010 http://foldoc.org
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apple in the Bible

(Heb. tappuah, meaning "fragrance"). Probably the apricot or quince is intended by the word, as Palestine was too hot for the growth of apples proper. It is enumerated among the most valuable trees of Palestine (Joel 1:12), and frequently referred to in Canticles, and noted for its beauty (2:3, 5; 8:5). There is nothing to show that it was the "tree of the knowledge of good and evil." Dr. Tristram has suggested that the apricot has better claims than any other fruit-tree to be the apple of Scripture. It grows to a height of 30 feet, has a roundish mass of glossy leaves, and bears an orange coloured fruit that gives out a delicious perfume. The "apple of the eye" is the Heb. _ishon_, meaning manikin, i.e., the pupil of the eye (Prov. 7:2). (Comp. the promise, Zech. 2:8; the prayer, Ps. 17:8; and its fulfilment, Deut. 32:10.) The so-called "apple of Sodom" some have supposed to be the Solanum sanctum (Heb. hedek), rendered "brier" (q.v.) in Micah 7:4, a thorny plant bearing fruit like the potato-apple. This shrub abounds in the Jordan valley. (See ENGEDI.)

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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Idioms and Phrases with apple
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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