apple

[ap-uhl]
noun
1.
the usually round, red or yellow, edible fruit of a small tree, Malus sylvestris, of the rose family.
2.
the tree, cultivated in most temperate regions.
3.
the fruit of any of certain other species of tree of the same genus.
4.
any of these trees.
5.
any of various other similar fruits, or fruitlike products or plants, as the custard apple, love apple, May apple, or oak apple.
6.
anything resembling an apple in size and shape, as a ball, especially a baseball.
7.
Bowling. an ineffectively bowled ball.
8.
Slang. a red capsule containing a barbiturate, especially secobarbital.

Origin:
before 900; Middle English appel, Old English æppel; cognate with Old Frisian, Dutch appel, Old Saxon apl, appul, Old High German apful (German Apfel), Crimean Gothic apel < Germanic *aplu (akin to Old Norse epli < *apljan); Old Irish ubull (neuter), Welsh afal, Breton aval < pre-Celtic *ǫblu; Lithuanian óbuolas, -ỹs, Latvian âbuol(i)s (with reshaped suffix), OPruss woble, perhaps Thracian (din)upla, (sin)upyla wild pumpkin, OCS (j)ablŭko (representing *ablŭ-ko, neuter) < Balto-Slavic *āblu-. Cf. Avalon

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Collins
World English Dictionary
apple (ˈæpəl)
 
n
1.  See also crab apple a rosaceous tree, Malus sieversii, native to Central Asia but widely cultivated in temperate regions in many varieties, having pink or white fragrant flowers and firm rounded edible fruits
2.  the fruit of this tree, having red, yellow, or green skin and crisp whitish flesh
3.  the wood of this tree
4.  love apple oak apple See also thorn apple any of several unrelated trees that have fruits similar to the apple, such as the custard apple, sugar apple, and May apple
5.  apple of one's eye a person or thing that is very precious or much loved
6.  bad apple, rotten apple a person with a corrupting influence
 
[Old English æppel; related to Old Saxon appel, Old Norse apall, Old High German apful]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

apple
O.E. æppel "apple," from P.Gmc. *ap(a)laz (cf. O.Fris., Du. appel, O.N. eple, O.H.G. apful, Ger. Apfel), from PIE *ab(e)l "apple" (cf. Gaul. avallo "fruit;" O.Ir. ubull, Lith. obuolys, O.C.S. jabloko "apple"), but the exact relation and original sense of these is uncertain (cf.
melon). As late as 17c. a generic term for all fruit other than berries but including nuts. Hence its grafting onto the unnamed "fruit of the forbidden tree" in Genesis. Cucumbers, in one O.E. work, are eorþæppla, lit. "earth-apples" (cf. Fr. pomme de terre "potato," lit. "earth-apple;" see also melon). Fr. pomme is from L. pomum "fruit."
"A roted eppel amang þe holen, makeþ rotie þe yzounde." ["Ayenbite of Inwit," 1340]
Apple of Discord (c.1400) was thrown into the wedding of Thetis and Peleus by Eris (goddess of chaos and discord), who had not been invited, and inscribed kallisti "To the Prettiest One." Paris, elected to choose which goddess should have it, gave it to Aphrodite, offending Hera and Athene, with consequences of the Trojan War, etc. Apple of one's eye (O.E.), symbol of what is most cherished, was the pupil, supposed to be a globular solid body. Apple-polisher "one who curries favor" first attested 1928 in student slang.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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FOLDOC
Computing Dictionary

APPLE definition

language
A revision of APL for the Illiac IV.
(1995-04-28)

Apple definition


Apple Computer, Inc.

The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing, © Denis Howe 2010 http://foldoc.org
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Easton
Bible Dictionary

Apple definition


(Heb. tappuah, meaning "fragrance"). Probably the apricot or quince is intended by the word, as Palestine was too hot for the growth of apples proper. It is enumerated among the most valuable trees of Palestine (Joel 1:12), and frequently referred to in Canticles, and noted for its beauty (2:3, 5; 8:5). There is nothing to show that it was the "tree of the knowledge of good and evil." Dr. Tristram has suggested that the apricot has better claims than any other fruit-tree to be the apple of Scripture. It grows to a height of 30 feet, has a roundish mass of glossy leaves, and bears an orange coloured fruit that gives out a delicious perfume. The "apple of the eye" is the Heb. _ishon_, meaning manikin, i.e., the pupil of the eye (Prov. 7:2). (Comp. the promise, Zech. 2:8; the prayer, Ps. 17:8; and its fulfilment, Deut. 32:10.) The so-called "apple of Sodom" some have supposed to be the Solanum sanctum (Heb. hedek), rendered "brier" (q.v.) in Micah 7:4, a thorny plant bearing fruit like the potato-apple. This shrub abounds in the Jordan valley. (See ENGEDI.)

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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American Heritage
Idioms & Phrases

apple

In addition to the idioms beginning with apple, also see polish the apple; rotten apple; upset the applecart.

The American Heritage® Dictionary of Idioms by Christine Ammer.
Copyright © 1997. Published by Houghton Mifflin.
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Example sentences
Isaac Newton was 83 when he told a biographer the tale of observing an apple
  fall at age 23.
At the games that followed the wedding feast she threw a golden apple .
Residents walk to the foundry, to peach and apple orchards and to greenhouses
  where they grow herbs and vegetables.
Make circles of overlapping apple slices on top of the brown sugar.
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