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Arnhem

[ahrn-hem, ahr-nuh m] /ˈɑrn hɛm, ˈɑr nəm/
noun
1.
a city in the central Netherlands, on the Rhine River: World War II battle 1944.

Gelderland

[gel-der-land; Dutch khel-duh r-lahnt] /ˈgɛl dərˌlænd; Dutch ˈxɛl dərˌlɑnt/
noun
1.
a province in E Netherlands. 1965 sq. mi. (5090 sq. km).
Capital: Arnhem.
Also called Guelders.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for Arnhem

Arnhem

/ˈɑːnəm/
noun
1.
a city in the E Netherlands, capital of Gelderland province, on the Rhine: site of a World War II battle. Pop: 142 000 (2003 est)

Gelderland

/ˈɡɛldəˌlænd; Dutch ˈxɛldərlɑnt/
noun
1.
a province of the E Netherlands: formerly a duchy, belonging successively to several different European powers. Capital: Arnhem. Pop: 1 960 000 (2003 est). Area: 5014 sq km (1955 sq miles) Also called Guelders
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Encyclopedia Article for Arnhem

gemeente (municipality), eastern Netherlands, on the north bank of the Lower Rhine (Neder Rijn) River. Possibly the site of the Roman settlement of Arenacum, it was first mentioned in 893. Chartered and fortified in 1233 by Otto II, count of Geldern, it joined the Hanseatic League in 1443. As the residence of the dukes of Geldern, it was often attacked by their Burgundian rivals and in 1543 fell to Charles V, who made it the seat of the Council of Gelderland. It came under the United Netherlands in 1585, and the following year Sir Philip Sidney, the English poet, statesman, and soldier, died there after being wounded in the battle of Zutphen. Seized and dismantled by the French in 1672, Arnhem was refortified in the 18th century only to fall again to the French in 1793. Occupied by the Germans during World War II, it was the object of a heroic but unsuccessful attempt by British and Polish airborne troops to secure the Rhine bridges in September 1944. A British war memorial, cemetery, and museum in the suburb of Oosterbeek commemorate the battle.

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Gelderland

provincie, eastern and central Netherlands; it occupies an area (1,935 square miles [5,011 square km]) extending from the German border westward to the narrow Lake Veluwe (separating Gelderland from several polders of Flevoland province) between the provinces of Overijssel (north) and Noord-Brabant, Zuid-Holland, and Utrecht (south). Its capital is Arnhem.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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