a trial hearing given to a singer, actor, or other performer to test suitability for employment, professional training or competition, etc.
a reading or other simplified rendering of a theatrical work, performed before a potential backer, producer, etc.
the act, sense, or power of hearing.
something that is heard.
verb (used with object), verb (used without object)
to try or compete in an audition: to audition aspiring actors; to audition for the leading role.

1590–1600; (< Middle French) < Latin audītiōn- (stem of audītiō hearing). See auditive, -ion

auditioner, noun
reaudition, noun
unauditioned, adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
audition (ɔːˈdɪʃən)
1.  a test at which a performer or musician is asked to demonstrate his ability for a particular role, etc
2.  the act, sense, or power of hearing
3.  to judge by means of or be tested in an audition
[C16: from Latin audītiō a hearing, from audīre to hear]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

1590s, "power of hearing," from M.Fr. audicion, from O.Fr., "hearing (in a court of law)," from L. auditionem (nom. auditio), from auditus, pp. of audire "hear" (see audience). Meaning "trial for a performer" first recorded 1881; the verb in this sense is 1935, from the noun.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

audition au·di·tion (ô-dĭsh'ən)
The sense, ability, or power of hearing.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Example sentences
High school- and college-age musicians may audition for summer workshops in
  voice, instrumental music and composition.
Here's a link with more about the conference in general, and here's one with
  the audition schedule.
Before the buskers are allowed to perform, however, they will have to audition
  to prove their skills.
If you can pull it off, fake-fight during the audition.
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