of or pertaining to Australia, its inhabitants, or their languages.
Zoogeography. belonging to a geographical division comprising Australia, New Zealand, Tasmania, Celebes, the Moluccas, Papua New Guinea, and adjacent smaller islands.
Phytogeography. belonging or pertaining to a geographical division comprising Australia and Tasmania.
a native or inhabitant of Australia.
an Aborigine of Australia.
the phylum of languages spoken by the Aborigines of Australia, consisting of more than a hundred languages. Abbreviation: Austral, Austral.

Australi(a) + -an

anti-Australian, adjective, noun
pro-Australian, adjective, noun
pseudo-Australian, adjective, noun
trans-Australian, adjective
un-Australian, adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
Australian (ɒˈstreɪlɪən)
1.  a native or inhabitant of Australia
2.  the form of English spoken in Australia
3.  a linguistic phylum consisting of the languages spoken by the native Australians
4.  of, relating to, or characteristic of Australia, the Australians, or their form of English
5.  of, relating to, or belonging to the phylum of languages spoken by the native Australians
6.  of or denoting a zoogeographical region consisting of Australia, New Zealand, Polynesia, New Guinea, and the Moluccas

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

1690s (n.), 1814 (adj.), from Australia. Australianism in speech is attested from 1891.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences for Australians
Australians, according to popular belief, make great sportsmen and superb soldiers.
The benefits must be shared by all australians and all our regions.
The australians progressed to the final as they had won their previous meeting.
When the war began some australians, like some britons, opposed it.
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