axones

axon

[ak-son]
noun
Cell Biology. the appendage of the neuron that transmits impulses away from the cell body.
Also, axone [ak-sohn] .


Origin:
1835–45; < Neo-Latin < Greek áxōn an axle, axis; akin to Latin axis

axonal [ak-suh-nl, ‐son-l] , adjective
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World English Dictionary
axon or axone (ˈæksɒn, ˈæksəʊn)
 
n
Compare dendrite the long threadlike extension of a nerve cell that conducts nerve impulses from the cell body
 
[C19: via New Latin from Greek: axis, axle, vertebra]
 
axone or axone
 
n
 
[C19: via New Latin from Greek: axis, axle, vertebra]
 
'axonal or axone
 
adj

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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

axon
"axis of the vertebrate body," 1842, from Gk. axon "axis" (see axis).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

axon ax·on (āk'sŏn') or ax·one (-sōn')
n.
The usually long process of a nerve fiber that generally conducts impulses away from the body of the nerve cell.


ax'on·al (āk'sə-nəl, āk-sŏn'əl) adj.
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
axon   (āk'sŏn')  Pronunciation Key 
The long portion of a neuron that conducts impulses away from the body of the cell. Also called nerve fiber.
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary

axon definition


The part of a nerve cell or neuron that transfers a nerve impulse from the nerve cell body to a synapse with another cell. (See action potential.) Depending on the location of the cell, the length of an axon can vary widely. In some cases (such as the axons that form the spinal cord), they may be several feet long.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
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