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city, west-central Luzon, Philippines. After the United States occupied the Philippines in 1898, Governor William Howard Taft and other officials proposed the pleasant site nestled in pine-clad hills at about 4,900 feet (1,500 m) to serve as the summer capital of the Philippines. The idea was adopted by the Filipinos, and Baguio became the country's foremost resort, with numerous hotels, cottages, and summer homes and with excellent air, road, and rail connections to Manila, 160 miles (260 km) south. In 1976, however, Baguio ceased to be the official summer capital, Manila serving from that date as the capital throughout the year.