the district within which a bailie or bailiff has jurisdiction.
a person's area of skill, knowledge, authority, or work: to confine suggestions to one's own bailiwick.

1425–75; late Middle English, equivalent to baili- bailie + wick wick3

subbailiwick, noun

2. domain, department, sphere, territory, turf. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
bailiwick (ˈbeɪlɪwɪk)
1.  law the area over which a bailiff has jurisdiction
2.  a person's special field of interest, authority, or skill
[C15: from baili(e) + wick²]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

"district of a bailiff," mid-15c., baillifwik, from bailiff (q.v.) + O.E. wic "village" (see wick (2)). Figurative sense of "one's natural or proper sphere" is first recorded 1843.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Patterns of polygamy and monogamy are also the bailiwick of behavioral research.
It was patterned after the old system of county sheriffs who had control in their bailiwick and prison inmates working for them.
In reality, personalities often shine way beyond their limited bailiwick.
Under state law the conduct of board meetings is the bailiwick of the directors.
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