1 [bath, bahth]
noun, plural baths [bathz, bahthz, baths, bahths] .
a washing or immersion of something, especially the body, in water, steam, etc., as for cleansing or medical treatment: I take a bath every day. Give the dog a bath.
a quantity of water or other liquid used for this purpose: running a bath.
a container for water or other cleansing liquid, as a bathtub.
a room equipped for bathing; bathroom: The house has two baths.
a building containing rooms or apartments with equipment for bathing; bathhouse.
Often, baths. one of the elaborate bathing establishments of the ancients: the baths of Caracalla.
Usually, baths. a town or resort visited for medical treatment by bathing or the like; spa.
a preparation, as an acid solution, in which something is immersed.
the container for such a preparation.
a device for controlling the temperature of something by the use of a surrounding medium, as sand, water, oil, etc.
the depressed hearth of a steelmaking furnace.
the molten metal being made into steel in a steelmaking furnace.
the state of being covered by a liquid, as perspiration: in a bath of sweat.
verb (used with object), verb (used without object), bathed, bathing. Chiefly British.
to wash or soak in a bath.
take a bath, Informal. to suffer a large financial loss: Many investors are taking a bath on their bond investments.

before 900; Middle English; Old English bæth; cognate with Old Frisian beth, Old Saxon, Old Norse bath, German Bad; < Germanic *bátha-n what is warmed, akin to Old High German bājan (German bähen), Swedish basa to warm; pre-Germanic *bheH- to warm, past participle *bhH-to-

bathless, adjective Unabridged


verb (used with object), bathed, bathing.
to immerse (all or part of the body) in water or some other liquid, for cleansing, refreshment, etc.
to wet; wash.
to moisten or suffuse with any liquid.
to apply water or other liquid to, with a sponge, cloth, etc.: to bathe a wound.
to wash over or against, as by the action of the sea, a river, etc.: incoming tides bathing the coral reef.
to cover or surround: a shaft of sunlight bathing the room; a morning fog bathing the city.
verb (used without object), bathed, bathing.
to take a bath or sunbath.
to swim for pleasure.
to be covered or surrounded as if with water.
British. the act of bathing, especially in the sea, a lake, or a river; a swimming bath.

before 1000; Middle English bath(i)en, Old English bathian, equivalent to bæth bath1 + -ian infinitive suffix

rebathe, verb, rebathed, rebathing.

bath, bathe. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
bath1 (bɑːθ)
n , pl baths
1.  a large container, esp one made of enamelled iron or plastic, used for washing or medically treating the bodyRelated: balneal
2.  the act or an instance of washing in such a container
3.  the amount of liquid contained in a bath
4.  run a bath to turn on the taps to fill a bath with water for bathing oneself
5.  (usually plural) a place that provides baths or a swimming pool for public use
6.  a.  a vessel in which something is immersed to maintain it at a constant temperature, to process it photographically, electrolytically, etc, or to lubricate it
 b.  the liquid used in such a vessel
7.  (Brit) to wash in a bath
Related: balneal
[Old English bæth; compare Old High German bad, Old Norse bath; related to Swedish basa to clean with warm water, Old High German bāen to warm]

bath2 (bæθ)
an ancient Hebrew unit of liquid measure equal to about 8.3 Imperial gallons or 10 US gallons

Bath (bɑːθ)
Latin name: Aquae Sulis a city in SW England, in Bath and North East Somerset unitary authority, Somerset, on the River Avon: famous for its hot springs; a fashionable spa in the 18th century; Roman remains, notably the baths; university (1966). Pop: 90 144 (2001)

bathe (beɪð)
1.  (intr) to swim or paddle in a body of open water or a river, esp for pleasure
2.  (tr) to apply liquid to (skin, a wound, etc) in order to cleanse or soothe
3.  to immerse or be immersed in a liquid: to bathe machine parts in oil
4.  chiefly (US), (Canadian) to wash in a bath
5.  (tr; often passive) to suffuse: her face was bathed with radiance
6.  (tr) (of water, the sea, etc) to lap; wash: waves bathed the shore
7.  (Brit) a swim or paddle in a body of open water or a river
[Old English bathian; related to Old Norse batha, Old High German badōn]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

O.E. bæð "immersing in water, mud, etc.," also "quantity of water, etc., for bathing," from P.Gmc. *batham (cf. O.N. bað, M.Du. bat, Ger. bad), from PIE base *bhe- "to warm" (cf. L. fovere "to foment"). Original sense was of heating, not immersing in water. The city in Somerset, England
(O.E. Baðun) was so called from its hot springs.

O.E. baþian "to wash, lave, bathe" (trans. and intrans.), from root of bath (q.v.), with different vowel sound due to i-mutation.

1540s, from bathe (q.v.). Bathing suit is recorded from 1873; bathing beauty is 1920, from vaudeville.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

bath (bāth)
n. pl. baths (bāðz, bāths)

  1. The act of soaking or cleansing the body or any of its parts, as in water.

  2. The apparatus used in giving a bath.

  3. The fluid used to maintain the metabolic activities of an organism.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Bible Dictionary

Bath definition

a Hebrew liquid measure, the tenth part of an homer (1 Kings 7:26, 38; Ezek. 45:10, 14). It contained 8 gallons 3 quarts of our measure. "Ten acres of vineyard shall yield one bath" (Isa. 5:10) denotes great unproductiveness.

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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Example sentences
Bathing outdoors is the height of mountain living, especially when done in a
  rugged style.
Shelving carved into the wall over the tub keeps bathing supplies tucked away,
  but within easy reach.
And had them record how they felt before and after bathing.
If you're on medication, check with your doctor before sun bathing in
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