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bath1

[bath, bahth] /bæθ, bɑθ/
noun, plural baths
[bath z, bahth z, baths, bahths] /bæðz, bɑðz, bæθs, bɑθs/ (Show IPA)
1.
a washing or immersion of something, especially the body, in water, steam, etc., as for cleansing or medical treatment:
I take a bath every day. Give the dog a bath.
2.
a quantity of water or other liquid used for this purpose:
running a bath.
3.
a container for water or other cleansing liquid, as a bathtub.
4.
a room equipped for bathing; bathroom:
The house has two baths.
5.
a building containing rooms or apartments with equipment for bathing; bathhouse.
6.
Often, baths. one of the elaborate bathing establishments of the ancients:
the baths of Caracalla.
7.
Usually, baths. a town or resort visited for medical treatment by bathing or the like; spa.
8.
a preparation, as an acid solution, in which something is immersed.
9.
the container for such a preparation.
10.
a device for controlling the temperature of something by the use of a surrounding medium, as sand, water, oil, etc.
11.
Metallurgy.
  1. the depressed hearth of a steelmaking furnace.
  2. the molten metal being made into steel in a steelmaking furnace.
12.
the state of being covered by a liquid, as perspiration:
in a bath of sweat.
verb (used with object), verb (used without object), bathed, bathing. Chiefly British
13.
to wash or soak in a bath.
Idioms
14.
take a bath, Informal. to suffer a large financial loss:
Many investors are taking a bath on their bond investments.
Origin
900
before 900; Middle English; Old English bæth; cognate with Old Frisian beth, Old Saxon, Old Norse bath, German Bad; < Germanic *bátha-n what is warmed, akin to Old High German bājan (German bähen), Swedish basa to warm; pre-Germanic *bheH- to warm, past participle *bhH-to-
Related forms
bathless, adjective

bathe

[beyth] /beɪð/
verb (used with object), bathed, bathing.
1.
to immerse (all or part of the body) in water or some other liquid, for cleansing, refreshment, etc.
2.
to wet; wash.
3.
to moisten or suffuse with any liquid.
4.
to apply water or other liquid to, with a sponge, cloth, etc.:
to bathe a wound.
5.
to wash over or against, as by the action of the sea, a river, etc.:
incoming tides bathing the coral reef.
6.
to cover or surround:
a shaft of sunlight bathing the room; a morning fog bathing the city.
verb (used without object), bathed, bathing.
7.
to take a bath or sunbath.
8.
to swim for pleasure.
9.
to be covered or surrounded as if with water.
noun
10.
British. the act of bathing, especially in the sea, a lake, or a river; a swimming bath.
Origin
before 1000; Middle English bath(i)en, Old English bathian, equivalent to bæth bath1 + -ian infinitive suffix
Related forms
rebathe, verb, rebathed, rebathing.
Can be confused
bath, bathe.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for bathing
  • bathing outdoors is the height of mountain living, especially when done in a rugged style.
  • Shelving carved into the wall over the tub keeps bathing supplies tucked away, but within easy reach.
  • And had them record how they felt before and after bathing.
  • If you're on medication, check with your doctor before sun bathing in moderation.
  • They never try to look at it, and if they are not bathing in a holy river, they stay out of the sun.
  • Employee-owned pets get complimentary surgeries and other medical care, as well as bathing and grooming.
  • Hid on all sides, left alone with yourself and the goddess of bathing.
  • In big houses with a swimming pool, bath-robes are supplied and often bathing suits.
  • We remained in quarters until the afternoon bathing our eyes in cold water.
  • In the past, birds were cleaned right away, and volunteers often worked through the night bathing rescued birds.
British Dictionary definitions for bathing

bath1

/bɑːθ/
noun (pl) baths (bɑːðz)
1.
a large container, esp one made of enamelled iron or plastic, used for washing or medically treating the body related adjective balneal
2.
the act or an instance of washing in such a container
3.
the amount of liquid contained in a bath
4.
run a bath, to turn on the taps to fill a bath with water for bathing oneself
5.
(usually pl) a place that provides baths or a swimming pool for public use
6.
  1. a vessel in which something is immersed to maintain it at a constant temperature, to process it photographically, electrolytically, etc, or to lubricate it
  2. the liquid used in such a vessel
verb
7.
(Brit) to wash in a bath
Word Origin
Old English bæth; compare Old High German bad, Old Norse bath; related to Swedish basa to clean with warm water, Old High German bāen to warm

bath2

/bæθ/
noun
1.
an ancient Hebrew unit of liquid measure equal to about 8.3 Imperial gallons or 10 US gallons
Word Origin
Hebrew

Bath

/bɑːθ/
noun
1.
a city in SW England, in Bath and North East Somerset unitary authority, Somerset, on the River Avon: famous for its hot springs; a fashionable spa in the 18th century; Roman remains, notably the baths; university (1966). Pop: 90 144 (2001) Latin name Aquae Sulis (ˈækwiːˈsuːlɪs)

bathe

/beɪð/
verb
1.
(intransitive) to swim or paddle in a body of open water or a river, esp for pleasure
2.
(transitive) to apply liquid to (skin, a wound, etc) in order to cleanse or soothe
3.
to immerse or be immersed in a liquid: to bathe machine parts in oil
4.
(mainly US & Canadian) to wash in a bath
5.
(transitive; often passive) to suffuse: her face was bathed with radiance
6.
(transitive) (of water, the sea, etc) to lap; wash: waves bathed the shore
noun
7.
(Brit) a swim or paddle in a body of open water or a river
Derived Forms
bather, noun
Word Origin
Old English bathian; related to Old Norse batha, Old High German badōn
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for bathing
n.

1540s, verbal noun from bathe (v.). Bathing suit is recorded from 1852 (bathing costume from 1830); bathing beauty is 1920, from vaudeville.

bath

n.

Old English bæð "immersing in water, mud, etc.," also "quantity of water, etc., for bathing," from Proto-Germanic *batham (cf. Old Norse bað, Middle Dutch bat, German bad), from PIE root *bhe- "to warm" (cf. Latin fovere "to foment") + Germanic *-thuz suffix indicating "act, process, condition" (cf. birth, death). Original sense was of heating, not immersing in water. The city in Somerset, England (Old English Baðun) was so called from its hot springs. Bath salts attested from 1875 (Dr. Julius Braun, "On the Curative Effects of Baths and Waters").

bathe

v.

Old English baþian "to wash, lave, bathe" (transitive and intransitive), from root of bath (q.v.), with different vowel sound due to i-mutation. Related: Bathed; bathing.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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bathing in Medicine

bath (bāth)
n. pl. baths (bāðz, bāths)

  1. The act of soaking or cleansing the body or any of its parts, as in water.

  2. The apparatus used in giving a bath.

  3. The fluid used to maintain the metabolic activities of an organism.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Slang definitions & phrases for bathing

bath

Related Terms

take a bath


The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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bathing in the Bible

a Hebrew liquid measure, the tenth part of an homer (1 Kings 7:26, 38; Ezek. 45:10, 14). It contained 8 gallons 3 quarts of our measure. "Ten acres of vineyard shall yield one bath" (Isa. 5:10) denotes great unproductiveness.

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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Idioms and Phrases with bathing
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Encyclopedia Article for bathing

bath

process of soaking the body in water or some other aqueous matter such as mud, steam, or milk. The bath may have cleanliness or curative purposes, and it can have religious, mystical, or some other meaning (see ritual bath).

Learn more about bath with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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