Bayeux

Bayeux

[bahy-yoo; French ba-yœ]
noun
a town in Calvados, N France, in Normandy, near the English Channel: museum displaying the Bayeux tapestry, commemorating the Norman conquest of England in 1066.
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Bayeux (French bajø)
 
n
a town in NW France, on the River Aure: its museum houses the Bayeux tapestry and there is a 13th-century cathedral: dairy foods, plastic. Pop: 14 961 (1999)

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

bayeux

town, Calvados departement, Basse-Normandie region, northwestern France, on the Aure River, northwest of Caen. As Bajocasses, it was a capital of the Gauls, then, as Augustodurum and, later, Civitas Baiocassium, it was an important Roman city that became a bishopric in the 4th century. Captured in 880 by Rollo the Viking, it became a Norman stronghold. While Rouen was completely Gallicized, Bayeux remained Norse-speaking. During the quarrels between the sons of William I the Conqueror, Henry I of England pillaged the town in 1106. Bayeux was besieged and taken on several occasions during the Hundred Years' War and the 16th-century Wars of Religion. Occupied by the Germans in June 1940, it was the first town liberated by the Allies (June 7, 1944) and the first to receive General Charles de Gaulle (June 14) on his promised return to France.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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