Beijing

[bey-jing]
Formerly (1928–49) Peiping.
Dictionary.com Unabridged

China

[chahy-nuh]
noun
1.
a country in E Asia. 3,691,502 sq. mi. (9,560,990 sq. km). Capital: Beijing.
2.
Also called Nationalist China. a republic consisting mainly of the island of Taiwan off the SE coast of mainland China: under Nationalist control since 1948 but claimed by the People's Republic of China. 13,885 sq. mi. (35,960 sq. km). Capital: Taipei.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
Beijing (ˈbeɪˈdʒɪŋ)
 
n
Former English name: Peking the capital of the People's Republic of China, in the northeast in Beijing municipality (traditionally in Hebei province); the country's second largest city: dates back to the 12th century bc; consists of two central walled cities, the Outer City (containing the commercial quarter) and the Inner City, which contains the Imperial City, within which is the Purple or Forbidden City; many universities. Pop: 10 849 000 (2005 est)

china1 (ˈtʃaɪnə)
 
n
1.  ceramic ware of a type originally from China
2.  any porcelain or similar ware
3.  cups, saucers, etc, collectively
4.  (modifier) made of china: a china tea service
 
[C16 chiny, from Persian chīnī]

china2 (ˈtʃaɪnə)
 
n
informal (Brit), (South African) a friend or companion
 
[C19: originally Cockney rhyming slang: china plate, mate]

China (ˈtʃaɪnə)
 
n
1.  People's Republic of China, Communist China, Red China a republic in E Asia: the third largest and the most populous country in the world; the oldest continuing civilization (beginning over 2000 years bc); republic established in 1911 after the overthrow of the Manchu dynasty by Sun Yat-sen; People's Republic formed in 1949; the 1980s and 1990s saw economic liberalization but a rejection of political reform; contains vast deserts, steppes, great mountain ranges (Himalayas, Kunlun, Tian Shan, and Nan Shan), a central rugged plateau, and intensively cultivated E plains. Language: Chinese in various dialects, the chief of which is Mandarin. Religion: nonreligious majority; Buddhist and Taoist minorities. Currency: yuan. Capital: Beijing. Pop: 1 300 000 000 (2005 est). Area: 9 560 990 sq km (3 691 502 sq miles)
2.  Republic of China, Nationalist China, Taiwan Former name: Formosa a republic (recognized as independent by only 24 nations) in E Asia occupying the island of Taiwan, 13 nearby islands, and 64 islands of the Penghu (Pescadores) group: established in 1949 by the Nationalist government of China under Chiang Kai-shek after its expulsion by the Communists from the mainland; its territory claimed by the People's Republic of China since the political separation from the mainland; under US protection 1954--79; lost its seat at the UN to the People's Republic of China in 1971; state of war with the People's Republic of China formally ended in 1991, though tensions continue owing to the unresolved territorial claim. Language: Mandarin Chinese. Religion: nonreligious majority, Buddhist and Taoist minorities. Currency: New Taiwan dollar. Capital: Taipei. Pop: 22 610 000 (2003 est). Area: 35 981 sq km (13 892 sq miles)
 
Related: Sinitic

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

china
"porcelain imported from China," 1579, from the country name (1555), probably ult. from Skt. Cina-s "the Chinese" (earliest European usage is in It., by Marco Polo), perhaps from Qin dynasty, which ruled 3c. B.C.E. Latinized as Sina, hence sinologist. The Chinese word for the country is Chung-kuo, lit.
"the Middle Kingdom." Chinatown first attested 1857 in California.

Beijing
Chinese capital, from bei "north" + jing "capital" (as opposed to Nanking, lit. "southern capital").
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary
Beijing [(bay-jing)]

Capital of the People's Republic of China, located in the northeast region of the country. It is the second-largest city of China (after Shanghai) and the political, cultural, financial, educational, and transportation center of the country. The West knew it for many years as Peking.

Note: In 1949, the Chinese communists declared Beijing the capital of the People's Republic of China.
Note: The Forbidden City, within the inner or Tatar City, was the residence of the emperor of China.
Note: Site of Tiananmen Square, where communist leaders suppressed a democratic protest in June 1989.

China definition


Nation in eastern Asia, bordered by Russia and North Korea to the east; Russia and Mongolia to the north; Russia and Afghanistan to the west; and Pakistan, India, Nepal, Bhutan, Burma, Laos, and Vietnam to the south. Its capital is Beijing, and its largest city is Shanghai.

Note: China is the most populous country in the world and the third largest, after Russia and Canada.
Note: The Boxer Rebellion of 1900 grew out of strong resentment of foreign influence in China.
Note: A revolution in 1911 overthrew the Qing dynasty, ending the two-thousand-year-old imperial system.
Note: Chiang Kai-shek, the leader of the Chinese Nationalists, established the government of Nationalist China in 1928 in Nanjing.
Note: The Second Sino-Japanese War, which lasted from 1937 to 1945 (merging with World War II in 1941), grew out of Japanese encroachments on Chinese land.
Note: The Chinese communists, with Mao Zedong as their leader, defeated Chiang's Nationalists in 1949, proclaiming the People's Republic of China. The Nationalists withdrew to the island of Taiwan.
Note: In 1950, Chinese forces joined the North Korean army in the Korean War.
Note: In 1958, Mao undertook the “Great Leap Forward” campaign, a crash program of industrialization, but none of its goals were reached, and the effort collapsed.
Note: In 1960, the ideological split between the Soviet Union and China widened, and the Soviets withdrew all aid.
Note: In the mid-1960s, Mao's wife, acting on his behalf, and three colleagues, later known as the Gang of Four, advanced the goals of the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution, aimed at eliminating old ideas and customs. Mobs attacked schools and cultural centers, brutally disrupting the entire nation. With the death of Mao in 1976 and the trial of the Gang of Four in 1980, the Cultural Revolution came to an end.
Note: In 1972, President Richard Nixon visited China, reopening relations between mainland China and the United States.
Note: In 1989, the government brutally suppressed pro-democracy demonstrations in Tiananmen Square.
Note: Although China remains officially communist, its government encourages capitalism in designated areas, especially in its southeastern provinces. China has experienced considerable economic development in recent decades. Relations with the United States remain tense, especially over Taiwan, but the United States supported China's admission to the World Trade Organization (WTO).
The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences for Beijing
The next two annual tournaments were held in hong kong and beijing.
In order to expand the editorial department, new youth was moved to beijing.
Synonyms
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