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Birobidzhan

[bir-oh-bi-jahn] /ˌbɪr oʊ bɪˈdʒɑn/
noun
1.
the capital of the Jewish Autonomous Region, in E Siberia, in the SE Russian Federation in Asia, W of Khabarovsk.
Also, Birobijan.

Jewish Autonomous Region

noun
1.
an autonomous region in the Khabarovsk territory of the Russian Federation in E Siberia. 13,900 sq. mi. (36,000 sq. km).
Capital: Birobidzhan.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for Birobidzhan

Birobidzhan

/Russian birəbidˈʒan/
noun
1.
a city in SE Russia: capital of the Jewish Autonomous Region. Pop: 77 250 (2002)
2.
another name for the Jewish Autonomous Region

Jewish Autonomous Region

noun
1.
an administrative division of SE Russia, in E Siberia: colonized by Jews in 1928; largely agricultural. Capital: Birobidzhan. Pop: 190 900 (2002). Area: 36 000 sq km (13 895 sq miles) Also called Birobidzhan, Birobijan
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Encyclopedia Article for Birobidzhan

city and administrative centre of Yevreyskaya autonomous oblast (province), Khabarovsk kray (region), in far eastern Russia. Situated on the Bira River, a tributary of the Amur, and on the Trans-Siberian Railroad, it was founded in 1928 as a railway station called Tikhonkaya. The oblast was formed in 1934, with Birobidzhan as its centre; Birobidzhan became a city in 1937. Industries include sawmilling and woodworking and a variety of light industries, mainly clothing and footwear. Tractor trailers are also produced. The city has an agricultural college. Pop. (2000 est.) 81,000.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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